"Title =" Botanical and habitat notes - astrophytum "> Botanical and habitat notes These plants, although belonging to different Botanical Families, have in common the adaptation to arid climatic environments. In order to survive in such adverse places almost all have undergone particular modifications morphological, transforming the leaves into spines and transferring the chlorophyll function on the stem, which in this case is called Cladodo.
Category Fat plants
Genus of six hundred species of succulent plants endowed with fleshy leaves, annual and perennial, rustic, semirustical and delicate. The rustic species are suitable for borders, for the rock garden and for dry stone walls. The other species are greenhouse plants, although some are suitable as a houseplant.
Evergreen succulent shrub, native to southern Africa; in nature it can reach 2-3 meters in height, while in pot it remains below 50-70 cm. It has the habit of a small compact shrub, and develops a short stem that bears a roundish, disordered, very branched "hair"; the fleshy stems are reddish brown.
General characteristics In the Euphorbia genus are enclosed a large number of plants ranging from the herbaceous type to the larger woody ones. The characteristic that unites all, is the flower that is always unisexual. From these plants gum, rubber, tapioca and castor oil are extracted (which, however, is made with seeds).
Genus of about three species of cactus, originating from Mexico, with erect stem, which can reach, in nature, even four meters high. The stem is green-blue, covered with bloom and grows quite quickly, with little branching. In summer it produces few white flowers, near the areolas, followed by edible fruits, with a taste similar to blueberry (hence the name), called in Mexico garambullos.
Group that includes dozens of evergreen succulent plants originating in Europe, America and Asia. They appear as dense rosettes of fleshy leaves, mostly rounded, sometimes elongated, of various colors, from light green to green-blue, up to black-purple. Some varieties are covered with a soft down, which is often present on the edge of the leaves of many varieties.
This genus is composed of a single species of columnar catus originating from South America, found mainly in Argentina and Bolivia. It has an erect, very branched stem, which has 8-10 very evident ribs, along which numerous areoles are equipped with long, yellow-black thorns, which become greyish with age, stiff; it is medium green, sometimes tending to bluish; in nature it can reach 7-9 meters in height, with stem diameter close to 40-50 cm.
Yucca rossa - Hesperaloe parviflora: Succulent, evergreen shrub, native to central-southern America. Stemless, it has long cylindrical, arched leaves, which give rise to large rounded bushes, which reach 90-100 cm in height. The leaves of the esperaloe are thin, fleshy and pointed, of green-gray color; on the edge of the leaves there are characteristic "curls" constituted by a material with a paper consistency.
This genus includes about a hundred plants, most of which are succulents, originating in Africa, Asia, Australia and the Canary Islands; the native species of the Canaries are small, very ramified shrubs, all the others are climbing or ground cover. They consist of thin stems, green, brown or greyish-blue in color, which bear leaves of varying sizes, sometimes evergreen, sometimes deciduous, with a rounded or heart-shaped shape.
Generalities: Originally from South America, it includes twenty-five species of column cactus. Spachiana Trichocereus The Spachiana Trichocereus is native to northern Argentina. It has a columnar habit and can reach two meters in height. It branches in a vertical direction starting from the base.
It is a genus comprising 15-16 sepia of primitive cacti, the only ones that still have true leaves, native to Mexico and Brazil, climbing; in nature they reach heights of over 9-10 m. They have thin, woody stems, which with age are covered with areolas with spines up to 5-8 cm long; they have large dark leaves, cuoiose, pointed ovals, which usually fall in winter.
This genus includes a single species, native to the deserts of northern and central America. It is a very slow-growing cactus, and very long-lived, which can reach 18-20 meters in height, employing us for 200 years; the saguaro plants are columnar for many years, when they reach the 150-200 cm of height they tend to branch; they have 15-20 ribs and gray spines, yellow in the upper areolas.
Genus that brings together about twenty columnar cacti originating in South America. In the ring they reach dimensions greater than 2-3 m in height, while in pots they remain below the meter. They are fairly slow-growing plants, the stem is green, with numerous ribs, usually erect, solitary, sometimes it produces some branches that tend to grow parallel to the main stem; the areolas are very thorny, with a particularly developed central spine, and are covered by a thick whitish hair.
Family composed of about 60 species of cacti, some of which are epiphytes, originating in South America, Africa and Asia. They have a hanging behavior, with fleshy stems, often of considerable length, and of various sizes depending on the species, of light green, dark green or bluish color.
Shrubs, or small trees, originating in southern Africa, once classified in the genus Cissus. They have a succulent stem, which over the years forms a broad caudex, in nauta it can reach 80-90 cm in diameter, with a total plant height of 2-3 meters; in the container they remain within smaller dimensions, but the caudex tends to develop a lot also in pots.
General features Comes from North America and Mexico. The Leaves: the leaves of the rosettes of the plants belonging to the genus Dudleya, are for the most part of reduced dimensions, often they are covered by a silver bloom, more evident during the winter season. The flowers: In summer it produces small star-shaped and long-lasting flowers, mostly yellow.
Genus that includes 10-12 species of columnar cacti originating in Central America. They are very long-lived and the centenarian specimens, in nature, can reach remarkable dimensions, even close to the twenty meters of height, even if the growth is very slow. The stem is dark green, sometimes bluish or grayish; they have 10-15 ribs, covered by areolas that carry numerous gray spines; with age they tend to branch very much, assuming the appearance of a "bush", while young specimens usually have a single stem.
Succulent plant native to Mexico, widespread throughout the Mediterranean area and in many temperate places on the globe. It consists of dense basal rosettes of fleshy, triangular, arched leaves, 100-150 cm long, 15-20 cm wide, bluish-green, or creamy-white variegated. The plants can reach two meters in height and are very long-lived, the specimens of 15-20 years of age produce a panicle inflorescence, carried by a stem even 2-3 meters high, made up of light yellow tubular flowers; after flowering the plant dies, leaving many basal shoots that develop as single plants.
Fifty shrubby, floriferous species belong to this genus, which can reach two meters in height. Native to the eastern side of the Andes, it is a succulent plant that can be grown indoors or in a greenhouse. Rhipsalis cereuscula [Vase Ø12cm] Price
These are about forty species of succulents originating from Africa, until 1978 they belonged to the Cotyledon genus; they have succulent stems, sometimes semi-woody in the lower part, often very branched; they are of various sizes, from a few centimeters, up to about a couple of meters, depending on the species.
Ephiphyllum Epiphyls grow spontaneously in the tropical forests of Central America. These are plants with an exotic appearance, with flat stems, usually narrow, with serrated edges. These plants are almost all epiphytic species that live on other plants and need their support to survive.