Fruit and Vegetables

Red beet - Beta


GeneralitŠ°


The red beet is cultivated for the round root of red color a
violet reflections, which is consumed
cooked for salads and other preparations.
Climate: temperate climates prefer it, not being a winter variety, in fact it must be planted at the end of winter, when there is no longer the risk of late frosts.
Soil: the best soils are those of medium texture, neutral or just basic, fresh and deep, irrigated, with a good degree of drainage, to avoid the possible formation of water stagnation that could quickly lead to the onset of rot.
Turnaround: it is a crop for renewal and is suitable for opening a rotation.
Combination: it is associated with many vegetables but in particular with cabbages, lettuces, onions and carrots.
Sowing and planting: the sowing can take place in broad and striped form, but in the south it is sown directly in the garden in autumn and in the north from late February to May at a depth of about three centimeters.
The distance on the row is 20 cm, the distance between the rows 40 cm.

Sowing and planting



The sowing of the beta can take place on a broad and striped basis, but in the south it is sown directly in the garden in autumn and in the north from late February to May at a depth of about three centimeters.
The distance on the row is 20 cm, the distance between the rows 40 cm.
Sowing is usually done in the period in which the ground temperatures are not lower than 10 ° C and there is no longer the risk of a sharp drop in temperature. The distance between the different rows of beetroot must be about 30 cm.

Crop care



After germination, a thinning is made when the plants have released three or four leaves, leaving about forty plants per square meter of soil.
Weeding and hoeing will help to aerate the soil and free it from weeds, so as to provide the beta with a suitable environment for its best development.
It is good to know that red beet should never be grown for two consecutive years, because this type of vegetable removes numerous nutrients from the soil, impoverishing it.

Collection


The collection of the beta is carried out with dry soil, carefully eradicating the plants when the root has reached the right development corresponding to the characteristics of the cultivated variety.
As for the harvest period, there are some early varieties that can be harvested already in summer, while other varieties can be harvested until late autumn.

Beetroot - Beta: Adversity



Among the animal parasites the plant is attacked by the eels that cause poor leaf and root development. The preventive struggle is based on appropriate rotations, mustard manure, and consociations with marigolds and marigold.
The miner fly digs tunnels in the leaves preventing development and causing infections. It fights in advance with earthing up. The direct fight is carried out with absinthe extract or quasso wood decoction added to soap.
The altica or earth flea eats the underside of the most tender leaves. It is fought with mulches, a concentrated infusion of panacelo or absinthe.
Other animal parasites are the mole cricket, the aphids, the beetle, the red spider mite etc.
Among the cryptogams we remember the downy mildew.
The mal-white of the beet, causes a powdery white mold on the leaves that take on a yellowish appearance. It is fought with micronized sulfur.
The cercosporiosi of the beet is the most dangerous disease. It occurs first on the leaves with very small round notches that widen and become circular. The struggle involves treatment based on Bordeaux mixture or copper oxychloride.