Sambuchella, also known as Aegopodium, is a perennial plant widespread in nature throughout Europe, wild varieties reach 90-100 cm in height, while varieties as widespread as garden plants are more dense and compact, they do not exceed 30 -35 cm in height. It has a ground cover development, from the fleshy rhizomes branch off thin semi-woody stems, of green color, not too branching, which bear numerous pinnate leaves, constituted by oval, serrated, dark green leaves. In late spring it produces small white flowers, gathered in umbrella-shaped inflorescences, which rise from the foliage carried by thin erect, rigid stems. In general they are cultivated as ground cover, possibly by themselves, since they tend to become invasive and therefore over time they would tend to invade the area dedicated to other perennials. To contain the plants it is good to dig up the rhizomes every year in autumn, and to divide them, or to practice a deep hoeing around the aegopodium flowerbed, to prevent the rhizomes from spreading. There are also varieties with pink flowers and the most widespread has light green foliage, streaked with white. With the arrival of cold, the Aegopodium loses all the aerial part, which will start to develop again when spring arrives. The leaves, flowers and rhizomes are slightly aromatic; the foliage is edible and is used in the popular kitchen and in herbal medicine.
For a correct development of the plant it is good to place the sambuchella in a partially shaded, or completely shaded, place; fears contact with direct sunlight, especially during the summer season. It does not fear the cold and can withstand even intense and prolonged frosts.
The Aegopodium is a plant that is generally satisfied with the rains, but during particularly dry and hot summers it is advisable to water the small plants, always waiting for the soil to be dry between one watering and another. Sambuchella plants They do not need fertilizing.
As far as the soil is concerned, they have no particular demands or requirements, as long as they are well drained and not too heavy or clayey; they can also be cultivated in pots, providing them with a large container, where the rhizomes can develop.
The aegopodium jar will be placed in a corner of the house, terrace or garden with all the features necessary for proper development.
An excess of irrigation can cause serious damage to the plants of Aegopodium, starting with a general deterioration that subsequently turns into a desiccation of the aerial parts of the plant, caused by a widespread root rot.
The multiplication of the aegopodium plants occurs by seed, in spring; in autumn it is possible to dig up the rhizomes and divide them, maintaining well-developed roots for each portion practiced.
The multiplication by division of the rhizomes is certainly an effective method of reproduction and for this reason it is widely used.
Sambuchella - Aegopodium: Pests and diseases
They are plants that do not fear the development of parasites, which are generally kept away from the pungent aroma of the leaves; in summer the foliage can be scalded by direct sunlight: in this case we remove all the damaged leaves, to promote the development of new foliage.