Black currant is a berry that is unique in its properties. In a word, black currant is a storehouse of nutrients!
- I want currants!
- The optimal time of the year for transplanting
- Choosing a place
- Preparing holes for planting
- Growth features
- Post-transplant care
I want currants!
Therefore, it becomes clear the desire of any amateur gardener to have several bushes of this wonderful berry bush in his garden. It is good if such currant bushes are already on the site, bear fruit well, and are planted in a good and sunny place. And if suddenly there is an urgent need to transplant a black currant bush, then what to do? How to carry out all the manipulations correctly so that the bush takes root and begins to bear fruit? So let's talk today about the correct transplantation of black currant bushes.
The optimal time of the year for transplanting
There is an opinion that black currants can be transplanted either in late autumn, when the plant has already finished bearing fruit and has managed to shed its foliage, or in early spring, while sap flow has not yet begun, that is, before the beginning of the growing season. But still, it is more often recommended to transplant this shrub in early spring, explaining this by the fact that a bush planted before winter can freeze due to its fragile root system. Therefore, start transplanting black currant bushes as soon as the condition of the soil allows you to do so.
Choosing a place
For the future growth of the currant bush, try to choose a place that is always sufficiently illuminated by the sun's rays. Black currant is a very thermophilic plant that does not tolerate shaded areas well.
Preparing holes for planting
The site must be dug up and fertilized. As a fertilizer, you can use humus, potash fertilizers, superphosphate or wood ash. Landing holes must be dug in advance - approximately two to three weeks in advance. If you are going to transplant several bushes into one area, then do not forget to observe the required distance between them when planting. From bush to bush should be about one and a half meters. As for the holes themselves, it is good if their width is about 50-60 cm, and the depth is 30-40 cm. But these are all fairly general recommendations. Depending on the size of the roots, the depth and width of the holes may vary.
If, while preparing the hole, you notice that the earth in this place is especially heavy and clayey, then experts advise digging the hole deeper and filling its bottom with fertile soil mixed with humus or loose compost.
A distinctive feature of black currant is that it has relatively shallow and rather limited roots. That is, the suction roots are located approximately 25-30 cm from the soil surface. All this allows, with proper care, to saturate the bushes with a sufficient amount of useful trace elements.
When planting, the bush must be watered abundantly. Even if it seems to you that the soil around it is moist enough, do not be lazy and water it.
After the black currant bush is planted in a new place, we proceed to pruning it. During this procedure, it is necessary to remove damaged branches, thin out the crowded stems. Also, remove all intertwined branches - in the future they will only interfere with each other and negatively affect the fruiting of the entire bush as a whole.
In general, in the first year after transplantation, the black currant bush needs special care. He will have to devote a lot of his time and attention. Make sure that the soil around it does not dry out, from time to time apply a series of necessary fertilizers.
If you make an effort and try to grow black currants on your site, then it will delight you with its taste and medicinal properties for many years!