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How to transplant indoor plants correctly and when, the choice of substrate and pot


The key to growing a beautiful and healthy flower is a timely transplant.

In addition, knowledge of how to transplant indoor plants with the benefit of their further growth and development is considered an important nuance.

Content:

  • How to transplant indoor plants correctly: preparation for work
  • How to choose a pot and soil
  • In what month to transplant indoor flowers
  • What are the advantages of transplanting indoor plants in autumn and spring
  • Is it possible to transplant indoor flowers in winter and summer
  • Transplanting indoor plants according to the lunar calendar
  • What is transshipment
  • How to transplant a large flower
  • The most common mistakes

How to transplant indoor plants correctly: preparing for work

Before you start transplanting a flower, you need to prepare it. So, the day before the event, it is recommended to moisten the soil, and immediately on the day of transplantation, carefully remove the earthen lump from the old pot.

During this time, old drainage and, where possible, old soil should be removed. To improve the well-being of the flower, it is necessary to carefully examine the root and, before placing it in a new place of residence, cut out the rotten parts by sprinkling the places of the cuts with charcoal.

In addition to preparing the plant itself, it is important to take time and capacity. So, without fail, the pots must be processed, for this you can use boiling water, a weak solution of potassium or superphosphate. This will help remove lime residues on the sides of the pot and improve the porosity of the pot.

It is also important to pay attention to the treatment of the walls from diseases and pests. For this, a soap solution or a 2% solution of copper sulfate is suitable.

All tools must be decontaminated and even the soil is recommended to be heat treated. Observance of this caution will not only help preserve the flower, but also improve its condition.

Let's watch a video on how to transplant indoor plants correctly:

How to choose a pot and soil

When choosing a new container, it is important to consider that in size it should exceed the previous one by 2-3 cm if a young plant is being transplanted and by 3-5 cm if an old one. In no case should you suddenly switch from a small pot to a huge one, it can be dangerous.

When choosing a soil, it is also necessary to consider a number of features that need to be paid attention to.

So, depending on the needs of the species, it is recommended to pay attention to indicators such as:

  • Nutrient composition;
  • The level of looseness and lightness, providing aeration;
  • Acidity.

When choosing, it is also important to carry out an external assessment of the substrate, it should not be excessively wet or contain suspicious signs of pests or diseases. And even if the soil seems ideal, after purchase it is recommended to send it to the oven, heated to 80-100 C for an hour.

In what month to transplant indoor flowers

The best time for transplanting indoor plants is spring, namely the months from February to April. This is the time of transition from a dormant period to an activation of growth. This is a period of active development and recovery, which is especially important with such an event.

During an active growing season, the transplant is most easily tolerated. In the spring, it is possible to carry out not only transshipment, without violating the integrity of the earthen coma, since the plant has entered a phase of active growth and rapid recovery.

Of course, you can transfer flowers to a new container at any time of the year, but the optimal period is spring.

The most suitable time for transplanting flowers, watch the video:

What are the advantages of transplanting indoor plants in autumn and spring

Spring transplantation is associated with the beginning of the active growing season, so even a damaged flower can recover. The period of spring renewal is favorable for the renewal of the soil, it even allows some carelessness, since the plant at this time is strong enough to recover.

Autumn transplanting, before the immediate dormant period, is carried out mainly by the transshipment method. In this case, indoor flowers enter the winter dormant period already in a new container and in the spring are activated without unnecessary damage.

Both options have their own advantages to consider when choosing one. It is recommended to focus not only on your convenience, but also on the characteristic specific features.

Is it possible to transplant indoor flowers in winter and summer

Despite the fact that this time of year is not entirely favorable for such events, they can be held. So, in the summer, it is possible to transplant only after the end of flowering in mid-late June or July.

Winter container change is not recommended, it is recommended to carry it out only in case of damage to the pot or other problems. So, if parasites are detected, fungal infection or an unreasonable deterioration in the condition of the flower, a change in capacity and substrate is necessary, regardless of the season.

Winter and summer are not the best times for such a procedure. However, if necessary, it can be carried out, subject to certain rules.

Transplanting indoor plants according to the lunar calendar

Many gardeners, when planting, are guided not only by the season, but also by the lunar calendar. Since when changing a pot, you cannot do without a certain stress for its inhabitant, you should still pay attention to the recommendations of the lunar calendar. All inhabitants of the Earth are dependent on the movement of heavenly bodies and flowers are no exception. Following the recommendations indicated in the calendar, you can greatly facilitate the transplanting process for green pets.

The basis of the calendar is the influence of the Moon on the movement of water on Earth. Thus, not only the seas are subject to this effect, but all living organisms on earth. So, depending on the phase of the moon, the movement of juices in the plant organism differs.
During the so-called favorable dates for transplanting, the movement of sap is observed in the upper branches and foliage.

As a result of this phenomenon, the root system loses moisture, and the amount of turgor decreases. As a result, the fragility of the root is reduced and any measures are associated with minimal harm. In addition, after such a timely transplant, germination in new soil occurs much faster than at any other time.

The days of the growth of the moon are considered auspicious, it is at this time that the water moves to the foliage. During the waning moon, the opposite process takes place and moisture moves to the root. This is a bad time for a transplant.

However, it is important to take into account that it is not advisable to disturb a flowering plant even during a period favorable for transplantation. This can provoke his illness or even death.

An exception to which you can ignore the recommendations of the lunar calendar are emergency situations. So if the container is damaged or infected with parasites, you should not wait for an auspicious day. The faster processing and transplanting is done, the better.

Considering the favorable and unfavorable dates indicated in the lunar calendar, it is possible to significantly improve the condition of the home greenhouse. Given the simple rules that all life on Earth are subject to, you can lose a number of possible problems associated with an incorrect and untimely transplant.

What is transshipment

The safest method of changing containers is the transshipment method. This method consists in the fact that the plant is removed from the pot along with an earthen lump. In the process of transferring it to a new container, the earthen lump is not disturbed.

Thus, there is a simple transfer from one pot to another:

  • After removing from the old container, carefully inspect the earthen lump. Remove rotten and dry roots;
  • Old drainage from the bottom of the coma must be removed;
  • The new container must be at least 3 cm larger than the old one; place a drainage layer on the bottom;
  • Place the lump in a new pot, sprinkling the gaps between it and the walls with a new substrate.

A feature of this method is the fact that it is suitable even for transplantation during dormancy and budding. During handling, the plant receives minimal stress, the root system is not damaged.

The only drawback of this method is the lack of renewal of the substrate, so it is not advisable to use it all the time. If, of course, the plant is not shown exclusively transhipment transplantation.

How to transplant a large flower

A common problem that gardeners face when transplanting is the size of the plant. It is quite difficult to transfer a huge tree to a new pot, as there remains the danger of simply breaking it.

However, it is not at all necessary to transfer it to a new pot. If such an event is impossible or dangerous for the inhabitant of the home garden, it is enough to remove the top 7-8 cm of soil. Gently loosen the remaining substrate with a wooden stick to the maximum possible depth, fill the pot with new soil. In this case, it is important to act with extreme caution so as not to damage the root.

After the old and new substrates are mixed, you can add new soil to the top of the pot and sprinkle with settled water. This replacement of the top layer is sufficient.

The most common mistakes

Many novice gardeners do not consider transplanting as something important and often make mistakes in this. The most common are:

  • Delay in replanting a purchased flower. By placing such an acquisition in a home greenhouse, without changing the soil and capacity, the gardener endangers the possible infection of his neighbors with parasites;
  • Incorrect soil selection - different species have their own characteristics of the substrate. Some flowers prefer soils with high acidity, while for others it is detrimental. To ignore this is to ruin the garden;
  • Lack of root system care - when transferring from a pot to a pot, it is important to update not only the aboveground, but also the underground part, with the removal of damaged areas;
  • Untimely feeding.

These, rather insignificant, errors may seem not worth attention, but each of them can eventually lead to the death of the flower.

A correctly transplanted indoor plant is the key to its long existence. Paying attention to a number of nuances that will not take a long time, you can protect the indoor greenhouse and improve its condition.


Watch the video: Houseplant 101: Tips for People Who Overwater Houseplants  Ep 121 (December 2021).