Cyclamen is a very beautiful houseplant that has long been very popular among amateurs and professionals. The flower blooms even in winter, creating warmth and comfort in the house.
However, if you do not provide proper care, the leaves will begin to darken and turn yellow, the plant will lose its presentability. In this article, you will learn how cyclamen propagation is carried out by leaves, tubers and seeds, and what is needed for this.
- General recommendations
- Reproduction of cyclamen european
- How persian cyclamen reproduces
- Cyclamen baby transplant
- How to plant a cyclamen from a tuber
- Propagation of cyclamen by leaves, put in water, or plant in the ground
Any type of reproduction requires compliance with general rules, here is a list of them:
- This procedure should be carried out only during the dormant period of the plant.
- When purchasing seeds or tubers, it is important to make sure that they are not spoiled by purchasing them in specialized stores.
- Each species reproduces in its own way, used for breeding babies, rosettes, seeds and tubers.
- When planting seed, the moisture level of the soil must be observed.
- Top dressing is carried out only after pecking the first leaves.
If you follow these recommendations, then the whole procedure will not cause difficulties, even a beginner can handle it.
Useful tips for breeding cyclamen - on video:
Reproduction of cyclamen european
European cyclamen (the second name is alpine) reproduces easily. All options can be used for this, for example, propagation by rosettes, dividing the tuber and seeds.
Seeds can be purchased or harvested from an adult plant. Ideally, the seed should be orange. In order for the soil to have moderate moisture, it is worth purchasing soil in the store; soil intended for violets is well suited.
The prepared soil is poured into containers, then grooves are made, and watering is carried out. Seeds should be planted from each other at a distance of three to four centimeters. From above, the seeds are covered with the same soil, not a thick layer.
Now it is important to properly care for the cyclamen. The plant needs to be watered, put the pot in a dark place. Watering must be sure, excessive moisture and drying out can lead to poor germination.
If done correctly, the first sprouts will appear in 30 days.
Now the soil needs to be fertilized with special minerals. When leaves appear, the seedlings dive.
Six months later, the flowers are ready for transplantation, young shoots should be covered with soil by 2/3. After 6 months, the cyclamen will bloom.
Tuber propagation, this option should be carried out when the flower becomes an adult and has a large and healthy root system.
To divide the tuber, use a sharp, disinfected knife; after cutting, each part should have a root and a shoot. Ideally, one tuber is divided into two parts, no more.
After manipulation, treat the sections with activated carbon, and leave for a day to dry them.
Now plant the cuttings in the prepared soil. You need to be careful with watering, excess moisture will lead to rotting of the tuber and the death of the plant.
Reproduction by rosettes - adult flowers have long shoots, they are also called by gardeners "horns" or rosettes.
This shoot must be carefully torn off from the main tuber and transplanted into moist soil. The scion is then covered with a glass jar.
Under normal conditions, the first roots should appear within fourteen, maximum twenty days. After that, the flower grows like an ordinary plant, gradually forming its own tuber.
Each option is effective; the choice of method depends on the owner's desire.
How persian cyclamen reproduces
The Persian type of the plant is slightly different from the European one, not all breeding options can be used for it. Reproduction by horns and tubers is considered the most effective.
Reproduction by horns is carried out in the same way as in the European cyclamen. However, this species takes root a little worse, out of ten shoots only one can take root.
If you plant it with tubers, you need to prepare a special soil mixture.
For its preparation in the same proportion are taken:
- leafy land;
The components are mixed, the soil is watered. After disembarking, place the container in a room where there will be diffused light, and the temperature does not exceed 16 degrees.
To avoid excess water accumulation and root decay, you need to make holes at the bottom of the container through which water will flow out into the pan.
Persian cyclamen is unlikely to be propagated by a beginner. The process is very painstaking and requires special skills.
Cyclamen baby transplant
To transplant a flower with the help of children, you do not need special skills, the main thing is desire and diligence.
It is better to separate the children during plant transplantation. This will prevent injury to the plant and facilitate the work process.
In the future, the shoot should be planted in a separate container.
The pot should be half filled with soil, the soil is lightly watered. After 7 days, the first leaves will hatch, and top dressing is carried out. As fertilizers, special compounds and minerals are used, which are purchased in the store.
How to plant a cyclamen from a tuber
To do everything as correctly as possible, it is important to follow the following instructions:
- The transplant should be carried out during the dormant period of cyclamen, but not at the beginning, but at the very end of this period.
- Plant the bulb or root of the tuber in such a way that its top protrudes 1/3 above the ground. The main thing during planting is not to confuse the top and bottom of the corm. The upper part is slightly concave, growth buds can be seen, the lower part is convex. It is the convex part that needs to be planted on the bottom. Before this, it is important to fertilize the soil with minerals and prepare a drainage base.
- Do not water the tubers until the first young leaves appear.
- After six months, the root system will completely take root, and inflorescences can be expected in the near future.
Propagation of cyclamen by leaves, put in water, or plant in the ground
Leaf propagation is a quick and interesting way, but for the Persian species this option is not used, since the result will be zero.
Many, not knowing all the intricacies, use cut leaves, which are then immersed in water, and planted in ordinary soil a day later. In this case, the cyclamen will not begin to grow, since the leaves cut in this way will not sprout.
You should not cut off the leaf, it is important to carefully break it off the stem, preferably together with a piece of tuber.
For reproduction, it is better to use leaves that have fingers or roots.
After breaking off, the leaf is placed in water and left until the root appears. A special soil is prepared in advance, the leaf is transplanted into it and covered with a glass jar.
After twenty-one days, the root system will begin to grow, the plant will get stronger and an shoot will appear.
Now the shoot is transplanted into soil with peat, sand, leafy and sod soil, humus.
Remove the pot with the plant from direct sunlight so that the leaves and stem do not begin to turn yellow and dry.
As soon as inflorescences appear on top of the leaf, water the cyclamen. Pour water not into a pot, but into a pan, thanks to this, the root will take as much moisture as it needs.
So, the reproduction of cyclamen is a simple procedure, if you follow the instructions clearly and use healthy and high-quality planting material. If you have a Persian type of flower, then it is better to ask a florist or florist to carry out this procedure.
About the reproduction of cyclamen by leaves - in the video: