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What spicy herbs can be grown on a windowsill, plant care rules


In winter, there is not always the opportunity, and the means to buy a lot of greenery. But the need for trace elements and vitamins in humans increases during the cold season.

Perhaps it was these factors that caused the emergence of a fashion for growing some garden plants in an apartment. Of course, in order to do such a useful and interesting business, you should know exactly what spicy herbs can be grown on the windowsill and what conditions will need to be created for the normal development of such crops.

Content:

  1. What spicy herbs can be grown on a windowsill
  2. Is it possible to grow herbs in one pot
  3. Where can you buy potted herbs
  4. Growing herbs from cuttings
  5. What spicy herbs can be grown on a windowsill in winter
  6. We grow perennial spicy herbs on the windowsill
  7. About the features of care in the winter
  8. How to create optimal conditions

What spicy herbs can be grown on the windowsill - what can be transplanted from the garden

To begin with, consider the simplest option - planting spices in pots, which were grown in summer cottages in the summer. They should be transplanted before the onset of frost.

They will feel good in room conditions:

  • oregano and lemon balm
  • mint and sage
  • savory and thyme
  • hyssop and annual basil

For transplantation, you should choose the most beautiful and strong specimens, it is advisable to dig them out with a lump of earth in order to injure the root system as little as possible. If the bushes are large, they can be divided, or taken offspring for planting. A high-quality earthen mixture is poured into the pots.

Let's share some useful tips:

  • the greens on the transplanted bushes should be cut off
  • basil and hyssop only require pinching the shoots
  • tarragon should not be brought into the house immediately, after transplanting it should stand in the garden until the leaves die off naturally; then the pot is brought into the house, installed in a warm, bright room, fertilized

These little tricks will help you cope with the most demanding crops.

Is it possible to grow herbs in one pot

Transplant pots should not be taken too large, in size they should exceed the dimensions of an earthen coma with roots by 3-5 cm, otherwise a large amount of unused moisture will lead to decay of the roots.

Spicy crops should not be treated solely as a source of table greens. Most of them are quite attractive and can be used to decorate the kitchen window, or even the entire kitchen.

You can grow spicy crops in personal pots, a fragrant mix looks good in a balcony box or vegetable garden - a special container with pockets and holes.

When planting herbs in one pot, it is advisable to clarify:

  • are they compatible
  • whether the same care is suitable for them, the frequency of watering and feeding
  • will the rapidly growing shoots of one of them displace the weaker shoots of the other

Many people are fond of indoor gardening, it is both fashionable and useful. The lesson cannot be considered too difficult, especially if you have basic knowledge of plant care.

Where can you buy potted herbs

A rational option for replenishing the collection of spices on the windowsill would be to buy ready-made plants in pots. Since sales are often announced in garden centers in the fall, it will not cost much.

Most often in the assortment of specialized stores you can find:

  • thyme and sage
  • lavender and various types of mint

You can grow laurel and rosemary as indoor perennial spices.

Growing herbs from cuttings

Some spices are conveniently planted by cuttings, these are:

  • thyme and oregano
  • hyssop and mint
  • sage

In this case, high-quality planting material represents ten centimeter apical shoots.

The lower leaves on them should be removed, rooting can be carried out under a greenhouse created from a cut plastic flask or a plastic bag.

To accelerate root formation, you can use the treatment with Konevin or Zircon, according to the instructions for these drugs.

It is desirable to provide quality lighting.

The advantages of this method are the ability to quickly obtain young specimens capable of producing a large amount of green fragrant mass.

What spicy herbs can be grown on a windowsill in winter

No housewife can do without parsley and celery in the kitchen. Their fragrant leaves are an excellent addition to borscht, soups, salads, and roast.

All crops are quite suitable for growing on a windowsill in winter, because they are not particularly demanding for lighting.

You can transplant root crops into pots from the garden, you can plant purchased in a store or on the market, but if their top is not damaged.

To obtain greens, it is recommended to plant new batches of root crops every month. The ideal place for their winter storage is in a cellar or basement, immersed in wet sand.

Plants will need a single feeding. It takes about a month from planting to getting greens.

You can plant onions and garlic in pots. It is best to take a sprouted one. If desired, onions can be grown in glasses of water. Garlic gets along well with different cultures, sprouted cloves can be planted in containers with other spices.

If you plan to grow herbs throughout the winter, you should give preference to those that are undemanding to lighting. Otherwise, you will have to organize the backlight.

Kits for seeding herbs

There are many plants that can sprout and develop normally in a short winter day. Specialized stores often sell expertly selected kits, which include crop seeds that can withstand indoor growing conditions, a special substrate for sowing them, and beautiful, convenient containers.

The most common crop is watercress, it can grow in a pot or even on a damp cloth in a saucer. It does not require good lighting, the green mass grows very quickly. Seedlings are ready for consumption a few days after emergence.

When grown in soil, the green mass will mature a couple of weeks after sowing.

Mustard salad is grown according to the same principle. Its readiness for collection comes when the seedlings reach 5 centimeters in height. Mixed plantings of watercress, cabbage and mustard can be used if desired. All plants are cold-resistant and undemanding to light.

Undemanding to light and watercress, but it needs constant watering. It is grown from seedlings or cuttings. They should be rooted in water.

We grow perennial spicy herbs on the windowsill

Consider the most popular perennial spices suitable for growing on a windowsill.

Rosemary

Its aroma will perfectly complement any meat dish, sauce or marinade.

The plant is evergreen, has a rather decorative appearance. Possesses medicinal properties, affects the heart and nervous system.

Thyme

The plant is quite adapted to indoor conditions.

Has healing properties:

  • is an antiseptic
  • heals colds
  • used to treat insomnia

It can grow indoors, but it will require increased care. In winter, you will need to provide backlighting - the plant needs 10 hour daylight hours. Lavender loves warmth and high humidity. It is impossible to allow the soil to dry out in the pot.

Lavender is used for aromatherapy sessions and in the treatment of diseases of the nervous system. A well-groomed plant looks very attractive.

It is not uncommon to find an evergreen laurel tree in the kitchen. The smell it exudes amazingly appetizing. Laurel care is quite simple. Water it with settled soft water, periodically spray the leaves.

Laurel

It cleans the air well, the substances produced by the leaves kill the fungus and act as an antiseptic. Laurel is often grown as a medicinal plant.

Sage

It is also a perennial plant, it can do without enough moisture, but will not withstand a lack of light. It is used in cooking and medicine, cosmetology.

In order for sage to retain the ability to produce valuable essential oils, you will need to find the brightest place in the apartment to place it. The plant requires systematic pruning, they stimulate the growth of lateral shoots and tillering.

About the features of care in the winter

The lowered air humidity during the heating period does not affect the plants in the best way - the leaves suffer from a lack of moisture, the root in flowerpots dries out faster. Since the soil dries out more slowly in plastic containers, it is recommended to use plastic pots for growing moisture-loving crops.

For all types of plants, pots should be provided with drainage, as it can be used ceramic fragments, expanded clay, pieces of foam.

Moving plants into the house can be dangerous in terms of introducing diseases and pests. In room conditions, thrips and common aphids can be detrimental to plants. Therefore, before entering the house, the leaves and trunks will need to be washed with water and green soap, which, being an environmentally friendly agent, has a disinfectant and insecticidal effect.

The soil in pots should be treated with Fitosporin M, it is less harmful than steam sterilization.

How to create optimal conditions

In winter, the days become so short that almost all plants suffer from a lack of natural light. Since the goal is to obtain green mass, rich in vitamins and essential oils, it will be necessary to ensure that the plants are in sunlight for at least five hours a day.

When using artificial lighting, one should take into account the lower intensity of artificial light, i.e. the illumination period should be longer, here also the type of lamps used is taken into account.

It is recommended to take care of additional air humidification, a common option is to install the pots in pallets filled with gravel with a centimeter layer of water poured into them. Household humidifiers are also used.

Comfortable temperature conditions - from + 20 + 22 C during the day to + 15 C at night.

When growing aromatic herbs on the windowsill, you should not be afraid to pluck the greens from them - the plants give new shoots rather quickly and become overgrown with leaves. Flowering should not be allowed - all inflorescences must be cut off.

Top dressing after one and a half two months will enhance the process of green mass formation. Since it is eaten, it is better to feed it with organic fertilizers.

A quite suitable option would be:

  • Biohumus
  • Lignohumate
  • Potassium humate

You will learn more about growing greens on the windowsill by watching the video:


Watch the video: 10 Backyard Herb Garden ideas (December 2021).