Hybrid tomato varieties are valued for their high yield, unpretentiousness and disease resistance. A worthy place among them is occupied by Petrusha the gardener.
- Choosing the most delicious tomatoes for planting, selection criteria
- The history of the appearance of the tomato variety Petrusha gardener
- Characteristics of the plant and its fruits, yield
- Features of caring for a tomato Petrusha gardener, whether it is necessary to pinch
- Reviews of summer residents about tomato Petrusha gardener
Choosing the most delicious tomatoes for planting, selection criteria
There are various factors to consider to find the best variety.
Features of the bush and fruits
Depending on the nature of the development of the ground part, two types of tomatoes are distinguished:
The former are distinguished by their high growth and predominantly large fruits. They bloom and bear fruit several times a season. Due to the height, they are less likely to get sick with late blight. Ripening of tomatoes later. Plants require more maintenance.
Determinate varieties are undersized, their height rarely exceeds 1 m. They bloom once. They are characterized by fast and abundant fruiting. Medium and small tomatoes. Suitable for sale and homemade products.
In turn, deterministic varieties are subdivided into 3 types:
It is necessary to take into account the temperature characteristics and composition of the soil. Preference should be given to those varieties that, in a given area, with the least effort and cost, will give the best yield.
So, indeterminate species are not planted in the north. Such tomatoes do not have time to ripen in cold climates. In the middle lane, they are grown in greenhouses, and in the south - in the open field.
The determinant varieties are suitable for greenhouse planting in cold areas and for open field planting in warmer regions.
According to the ripening rate, tomatoes are divided into:
- early ripening
- late maturing
Gardeners from the north are advised to choose early ripening varieties in order to have time to harvest. In the south, it is better to choose late-ripening tomatoes. Thanks to this, a varied harvest is obtained, and the harvest time is extended.
The purpose of growing
Depending on where the tomatoes go (for sale, for preparations, for salads), they are guided by the following signs:
- the form
- the size
- keeping quality
- features of pulp and skin
Drop off location
Hybrid varieties are suitable for greenhouse cultivation. They give amicable shoots, are distinguished by early maturity and stability. Varietal tomatoes are also planted on the street. But their only advantage is the ability to get seeds.
The history of the appearance of the tomato variety Petrusha gardener
Consider one of the varieties popular among summer residents - to make it easier for you to determine whether it is possible to grow this variety on your site.
Tomato Petrusha gardener appeared recently. It was bred by Altai amateur breeders from several parental forms.
The plant was created specifically for growing outdoors in areas with cold climates. The tomato got its name due to its characteristic shape, resembling a cap.
Due to its stability, rapid ripening and high fruiting, the variety fell in love with summer residents from all over Russia. Now it is grown in the south. Experiments with greenhouse planting have also produced excellent results.
Characteristics of the plant and its fruits, yield
The plant belongs to the superdeterminate type. It is a dense, undersized bush up to 60 cm high. In the greenhouse, the shoots stretch up to 100-120 cm. The leaves are dark green, slightly corrugated. Many ovaries.
The fruits are bright scarlet, oblong in shape. Average weight 180-200 gr. At the beginning of fruiting, the weight reaches 300 grams. The taste of tomatoes is sweet. The pulp is fleshy and juicy.
Tomatoes are well transported, stored for a long time and do not crack. Brushes are formed through each leaf. 4-6 kg of fruits are harvested from the bush per season.
Petrusha gardener is a mid-early variety. The first crop appears 90-110 days after planting the seeds.
The phase of active fruiting is from July to October. The best yield is achieved when planting and care rules are followed.
The plant tolerates drought well. It is resistant to most of the diseases that nightshade suffer from.
The fruits are versatile in use. They are used in salads, canning, juices and sauces.
Features of caring for a tomato Petrusha gardener, whether it is necessary to pinch
The plant reproduces in two ways:
Seeds are sown in late February and early March. The soil should be moist and loose. The sprouts dive after the appearance of 2 true leaves.
For two weeks before transferring to a permanent place, the plants are hardened in the fresh air. Sprouts are transferred to open soil in May, and to a greenhouse or greenhouse in April. Bushes are planted in a checkerboard pattern of 6 pieces per square meter. m.
Stepchildren or upper shoots are suitable for cuttings. They are placed in water or moist soil for 10 days. After rooting, they are transplanted to a permanent place.
Some leave the bush at home for the winter and enjoy the fresh fruit all year round. In the spring, an adult bush is transferred to the street or under a film.
When planting, it is important to take into account that the Petrusha gardener prefers fresh air and sunlight. Therefore, it is preferable to plant it in open ground. This way you can get a richer harvest.
Before disembarking, 1 tbsp is added to the hole. l. superphosphate. After 10 days, the plant is fed with a complex fertilizer for tomatoes.
Every 10-15 days, the bush is sprayed with a solution of potassium permanganate. To stimulate growth, a yeast solution is used, which is applied at the root.
Use manure for feeding with caution. The nitrogenous composition provokes the growth of green mass, and affects the quality of the fruit negatively.
The variety does not require special care. He doesn't need to be pinned. It is enough to keep the soil moist and loose, and remove weeds regularly. When grown in a greenhouse, periodic ventilation is required.
Reviews of summer residents about tomato Petrusha gardener
Gardeners who grow this tomato variety note that a bountiful harvest can be achieved when planted in open ground. Bushes grown in a greenhouse are inferior to street plants in terms of ripening rate and number of fruits.
In general, the yield of the variety did not disappoint anyone.
Everyone loves the delicious taste of tomatoes. Summer residents talk about the convenience of fruit preservation. They fit well in jars and do not crack during preparation.
Petrusha the gardener fell in love with consumers for its unpretentiousness and resistance to diseases and pests. Growing a hybrid does not take time and effort. The palatability of tomatoes is excellent.
We offer you to watch an interesting video about the tomato Petrusha gardener: