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Peperomia lilian, home care, breeding features


Peperomia is an indoor flower that reproduces very well at home. It has small, firm, dense, fleshy leaves that have a rather unusual color.

There are about 30 varieties of this plant that reproduce well. But this plant is bred not for the sake of beautiful flowering, but due to the variety of its foliage.

The name of this flower is translated from Greek as "smelling of pepper", and is common to all tropical plants belonging to the pepper family. The flower got this name because of the leaves, when rubbed, a peppery smell appears. Peperomia Lillian grows in Mexico.

Let's talk today about Peperomia Lillian - her planting, features of care, methods of reproduction, the correctness of transplantation and methods of pruning.

Content

  1. Description of the plant
  2. Amazing properties
  3. Care features
  4. Transfer
  5. Reproduction methods
  6. Landing
  7. Pruning rules
  8. Pest control
  9. What improper care can lead to

Description of the plant

Peperomia is a potted crop that prefers loose peaty soils. When it blooms, it releases snow-white buds that have an original appearance, to some extent resembling lilies, expanding towards the top.

The flowers are arranged on powerful crimson stems. They rise above the surface of dense, dark green foliage during flowering. When the flowers fade, small dry berries form on the top of the peduncles.

Peperomia Lillian - refers to evergreen shrubs, have a compact form. The flower leaves are painted in a rich green color, their shape resembles a heart. In a pot, it usually grows well and is capable of reaching sizes up to 32 centimeters in width and height.

This variety is widely used to create ampel compositions. Plant pots can be placed on flat, horizontal surfaces or suspended. Using your imagination, you can decorate any interiors with this amazing plant.

Peperomia steadily tolerates overdrying or waterlogging of the soil. Does not require frequent feeding. If you accidentally forget and do not water the plant for several days, it will perfectly endure the "drought period".

But the intricacies of caring for peperomia should be known by every florist who is engaged in the cultivation of this flower. After all, this is reflected in the appearance of the plant and its well-being.

Amazing properties

Peperomia Lillian has a huge number of positive qualities. Scientists have proven that the flower has a positive effect on the digestive system and the atmosphere of the home in which it is located. The plant releases a large amount of phytoncides that destroy pathogens, which helps to restore the microclimate in the house.

It is also recommended to place it in rooms where there are children who often suffer from colds.

In addition, there is a statement that this flower contributes to the restoration of positive energy in the home. He is able to set in a positive mood the people who live next door to her. Thanks to the effects of the plant, people get a positive attitude, and negative moments do not have a strong destructive effect on people.

When a visitor with evil intentions appears in the house, Lillian's peperomia takes the brunt of the blow. After such a guest, the well-being of the flower may deteriorate for some time. It will be possible to restore the strength of the plant by giving it attention and care.

Care features

The flower will grow more actively if it is placed on a windowsill, where it will not be exposed to direct sunlight. The most suitable place for peperomia will be its placement on windows facing east or west.

During the winter period, the plant needs to extend the daylight hours with the help of additional lighting. The temperature indicators of the air inside the room and the soil in the pot should correspond to the optimal ones and be from 16 to 22 degrees Celsius.

The plant needs a measure of abundant and regular watering in spring and summer. But this should not be carried away, due to the fact that peperomia is much better able to tolerate non-long-term drought than an abundance of moisture, which causes rotting of roots and stems. To prevent possible waterlogging during transplantation, drainage must be provided.

Transfer

Young Lillian peperomias need to be transplanted annually, and for adults one transplant in a couple of years will be enough. The size of the new pot in diameter should be two centimeters larger than the previous one. At the same time, the container should be slightly deeper.

The plant needs regular fertilizing with complex fertilizers. In the spring-autumn period, they need to be produced once every two weeks, and in the winter - once every four weeks.

Reproduction methods

Florists often breed one type of plant to create a miniature garden. It looks rather unusual when pots with one plant are placed all over the room. Peperomia Lillian is popular for its ease of home care.

There are other types of peperomias that are not demanding for care: magnolia-leaved, dull-leaved, wrinkled.

The plant can be propagated in three ways: by seed, cuttings and leaves.

Growing from seeds

This is the most difficult way of reproduction of Lillian peperomia, because at home this flower practically does not give seeds. For this method of reproduction, they must be purchased at a specialized store.

The purchased seeds must be spread out on the surface of soft soil, and the container with the seedlings must be covered with glass on top to create greenhouse conditions. It is very important that the temperature is around 24 degrees and the humidity is optimal.

Seedlings need to be watered through a tea strainer, because a large jet of water stops plant growth.

Young plants are required to dive when they reach the stage of two true leaves. Saplings must be planted at a distance of at least 2 centimeters from each other. Then containers with seedlings must be placed on the windowsills in a previously shaded place.

After strengthening, the seedlings can be planted in individual pots.

Propagation by cuttings

The upper part of the shoot of a plant or part of the stem, which has from 1 to 3 leaves, must be planted in moist soil, which includes earth, sand and peat. Leave the container with the seedling in a warm place for rooting.

It will take about a month to form the root system. Then, if there were several seedlings, they need to be planted in separate pots.

Reproduction from a leaf

Leaves of good quality - not flabby, not damaged, must be placed for rooting in sandy-peat soil and covered with a piece of glass on top to create greenhouse conditions. With this method of propagation, roots are formed much faster than with cuttings. After 12 days, the first roots appear, and by the end of 25 days, complete rooting occurs.

Landing

To plant Lillian's peperomia, you do not need to use a large container, but be sure to lay a drainage layer about six centimeters thick. This houseplant does not grow rapidly. With an excessive slowdown in growth, it is required to carefully examine the bottom of the pot, whether the roots of the plant are visible there.

Sufficiently loose soil is the key to the correct development of the flower. A mixture of peat, sand and leafy earth is best, where all the ingredients are present in equal parts.

Pruning rules

Cutting Lillian's peperomia is necessary to make her look beautiful. It helps to increase bushiness and attractiveness. Before pruning, you must carefully inspect the plant, then use scissors to remove weak shoots and twigs. Such care allows the plant to be refreshed.

In addition, when pruning, flower growers sometimes remove inflorescences. This is done in order to preserve the strength of the flower. Pruning is difficult for mature plants.

For this reason, the crown of the flower must be formed at the age of 2-3 years.

Pest control

Peperomia is resistant to various diseases. The main problems arise from improper plant care. Weakened leaves and shoots of the plant are affected by insects

pests.

With the implementation of improper care manipulations, the appearance of a mealy worm, nematodes, ticks or scale insects is inevitable. If symptoms of the presence of harmful insects have been identified, urgent measures are required to eliminate them. It is necessary to carry out treatment with fungicides.

In addition, it is recommended to transplant the plant into steamed soil. The flower needs to be given increased attention and care. At the same time, be sure to follow the recommendations related to the care of this amazing flower.

The plant, thanks to this, will be able to restore its strength and will again delight with splendor and beauty.

What improper care can lead to

The plant loses its protective abilities due to improper care. Moreover, it is affected by a variety of diseases and pests. The negative factors that caused such changes can be judged by the appearance of the flower.

When the leaves fall off, the plant does not have enough moisture. This can occur at low temperatures in the room where peperomia is located.

When brown spots appear on the leaves, the plant must be protected from drafts. In addition, the leaves darken as a result of temperature changes. Transporting the plants open ensures that brown spots will soon appear on the leaves.

Decay of roots and blackening of leaves indicates excessive watering.

Direct sunlight on the plant will cause the foliage to turn yellow. Sometimes burns appear on it.

The flower can die if you do not take active steps to save it. For this reason, attention must be paid to proper care.

About the details of plant care - in the video:


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