It can be difficult for an inexperienced florist to decide and choose a flower to place in his own home. We have selected the most memorable indoor plants with the letter g and invite you to familiarize yourself with them.
Gardenia is an unusually elegant flower that belongs to the madder family. Its sophistication is compared to a camellia. In addition to its chic appearance, it has a charming scent. Just one pot with a plant will fill the whole room with a subtle aroma.
In wildlife, gardenia grows on the Ryukyu Islands, as well as in the forests of Japan, India and China. The people got the name "Cape jasmine". Under natural conditions, it reaches a height of 2 m, in rare cases - 3 m.
The leaves of the plant are dark green in color, shiny, with a dense texture and pointed tips. Indoor specimens look neat and compact, the height is 0.5 m, they are beautiful even in the absence of flowering.
The plant owes its name to A. Garden, a physician and naturalist from America. It was he who domesticated this species.
There are specimens with white and cream flowers, regular or double. The diameter of each is up to 10 cm. Flowers are collected in inflorescences or are arranged singly. Delivers a pleasant aroma. Flowering occurs from July to October. With good conditions and care, the plant is covered with chic buds.
More than 250 species of gardenia are found in nature. However, only a few varieties are grown by flower growers: abundant, regal, jasmine, radicans, Kula, citriodora. In room conditions, they contain mainly jasmine gardenia. Large double flowers of white color are formed on its shoots.
You should know the following about gardenia:
- Among florists, she gained fame as a demanding plant.
- Dislikes rearrangements and changes in location. Until death.
- Prefers light, but gets burned in direct sunlight. The ideal location is a bright room on the south side.
- The optimal temperature regime is 18-22 C.
- Cold and drafts cause flowers to fall off. It is hard to go through sharp temperature drops.
- Eliminate cold watering. The plant will react by yellowing the leaves.
- In a shaded place, buds may dry out and fall off. Rooms on the north side require an additional light source.
- At temperatures above 24 C, weak shoots begin to grow, on which buds are not tied.
Making friends with a flower takes effort and customization of the content. Gardenia can complement any interior. A beautiful neat bush will decorate the room, make it cozy and fill it with a pleasant fragrance. Will be an unforgettable holiday gift.
Famous perennials with the letter g: gardenia, hibiscus, glottiphyllum, graptopetalum. Gloxinia, which has a tuberous root system, is also a long-lived plant.
In the wild, up to 20 species of gloxinia grow. Homeland - Brazil, the tropical part of South America. It grows on river banks, slopes, rocks and forest glades. A wild plant is more like a shrub or grass. In indoor conditions, artificially bred hybrid varieties are grown that are adapted to life at home.
They began to cultivate the flower thanks to the work of the German doctor and botanist Benjamin Gloxin. While traveling in Brazil, he noticed an unusual flower that looked like a large bell, and made a detailed description. This is how the flower got its name.
Gloxinia is famous for the variety of shapes and colors of buds. The beautiful flowers have made the plant extremely popular among professionals and amateurs. Some growers collect this species. There are varieties with smooth and double flowers of purple, white, blue, pink, large and miniature size.
The leaves are velvety green or dark green in color. One plant has up to 50 flowers. The spectacle is amazing and unforgettable. The foliage emits a delicate soft scent.
There are quite large gloxinia, which complicates the task of the grower and makes it difficult to locate in small apartments. However, there are also dwarf specimens. The height ranges from 10 to 70 cm.
Gloxinia has a pronounced dormant period in the winter. Its ground shoots die off, and the root system "falls asleep". Those who do not know this feature of the flower may think that it is dead. In the spring, awakening occurs, leaves grow, then the stems lengthen. Flowering begins in May and ends in September. Small seeds can be obtained in autumn.
Gloxinia care is simple, is as follows:
- Gloxinia is thermophilic, the temperature suitable for it is 18-23 C. A good solution is to place the pot in the kitchen, where it is warm and optimal humidity.
- Be sure to use settled water for irrigation. Water the tender young shoots gently. The liquid should be lukewarm.
- The increased need for moisture occurs before hibernation. In the fall, watering is carried out more often.
- The plant does not tolerate drafts.
- With enough light, the leaves will grow to the sides, and rightly so. When there is a lack of lighting, they are pulled up.
- The flower should be fed every 1.5-2 weeks from spring to August.
What to do during winter rest? Gloxinia should be placed in a cool, dark place. Some growers prefer to store the tuber in a plastic bag. For storage, use the vegetable compartment of the refrigerator.
Unusual yellow flower with the letter d - glottiphyllum. This is a perennial succulent plant that can grow in an arid climate, belongs to the Aizov family. Differs in a wide variety of shapes.
The plant grows in the south and southwest of Africa. For growth, flowers are chosen on the Karoo plateaus, semi-desert areas and dry river beds. The soil in these areas is fertile, albeit arid. Glottifillum tolerates temperature changes well. In the natural environment, the air at night cools down to 0 C.
There are about 20 varieties and subspecies. The plant has a superficial root system, water is accumulated and preserved by the shoots. Leaves are juicy green or dark green. Sometimes there are specimens with a blue or reddish tint. Some have specks and dashes. Round and cylindrical sheet plates.
Single flowers grow on a short peduncle, inside there is a bunch of stamens. The bud itself is quite large. The flower looks like a large dandelion and exudes a delicate fragrance. The petals are predominantly yellow and glossy. Sometimes there are specimens of white, golden, or with an orange tint.
An interesting feature of glottiphyllum is two-time, albeit short-lived, flowering. The first time is in May, and the second is in September. The fruit of the plant is a capsule filled with seeds.
Glottiphyllum is not a demanding plant; it is very easy to keep it indoors. The pot should be made of clay and shallow; there must be drainage holes. In plastic, the plant does not feel well.
Young plants are recommended to be replanted annually. As you grow, it is enough to carry out the procedure every few years.
Glottifillum can be a significant purchase for an avid grower. This unusual flower will perfectly fit into your home environment.
The graceful graptopetalum will be a real gem of the floral collection. This flower has an extraordinary appearance. Thanks to a researcher from Mexico, Alfred Lau was introduced to Europe.
The plant, like glottiphyllum, is a succulent. Knows how to accumulate water and use it economically. Homeland - the territory of Mexico. It grows near coniferous forests in arid rocky terrain.
Graptopetalum is able to do without moisture for a long time, but at the same time it is thermophilic. It is characterized by slow growth and long flowering period.
Graptopetalum has flat, fleshy leaves that are rosette. The beauty of the plant is given by unusual leaves and flowers. Graptopetalum will delight the owner with a long colorful flowering from April to the end of summer.
Depending on the variety, the buds are pink, white, red or blue. Yellow or creamy specks and streaks may be present. The most common varieties are Paraguayan graptopetalum, filamentous and fine.
It will be easy even for a novice florist to take care of a flower.
The plant perfectly tolerates indoor microclimate. The main requirement of graptopetalum is the correct temperature regime. In the spring-summer season, it is advisable to warm up the air to 23-27 C.
In cold seasons, the plant goes into a dormant period. At this time, a temperature of no more than 15 C (but not less than 10 C) is required. The pot is placed on a northern windowsill or an insulated loggia.
The flower tolerates poor watering and low air humidity well. Does not require spraying with water.
Graptopetalum is perfect for keeping indoors. Will be a spectacular home decoration. Also grown in greenhouses.
Another interesting unusual indoor flower is called guzmania. This plant came to us from the tropics. Grows in the forests of Central and South America. More than 100 varieties are represented in the natural environment.
The plant is equipped with long glossy leaves that are collected in a rosette near the roots. A beautiful bright flower emerges from the center. The color is fiery red with yellow patches. Blooming guzmania pleases as much as 4 months. However, it then dries up.
In indoor conditions, reed guzmania is most often grown. It is a herbaceous plant with soft leaves. On the flower market there are compact hybrid species with a height of no more than 30 cm.
Also in houses they keep epiphytic guzmania. The leaves of the flower are folded into a rosette that resembles a glass. I fell in love not for flowering, but thanks to the beautiful juicy leaves.
The basics of care are as follows:
- A suitable place for guzmania is a home greenhouse or indoor florarium. It is easy to maintain constant air humidity and temperature there.
- In the warm season, watering is increased, and in winter, it is reduced.
- The ideal temperature is 19-21 C. Humid air is welcome.
- The soil needs special - a mixture of crushed sphagnum roots, fern and charcoal.
- To stimulate flowering, they resort to a trick. Put the guzmania in a bag of tainted apples for a couple of days. Keep fruit free of mold. The released acetylene will promote flower formation.
If you master the care of guzmania, the plant will delight you with its beauty and originality. The tropical flower will add to the collection of exotic flora.
Heliocereus belongs to the cactus family, and it is one of the most extraordinary representatives of its kind. The plant consists not only of thorns, nature has provided it with long delicate stems that can reach 1.5 m in length, and beautifully fall from flower pots. Some growers prefer to tinker with supports.
The cactus is famous for its unusually beautiful flowering in the summer season. Open large flowers of a deep pink color, up to 20 cm in size, appear on the plant. Some subspecies of heliocereus have a delicate white flowering.
Bright large flowers look very beautiful against the background of thin fragile shoots.
The long flowering period is an undeniable advantage. This makes Heliocereus an effective decorative item and home decoration. Flowers open in the morning and close in the evening.
After flowering, fruits are formed on the cactus. These are spiny oval-shaped boxes with a rich red hue. The size of each is 4-5 cm. The plant is unusually beautiful even in the absence of flowers. It turns out that the fruits of some varieties are even allowed to be eaten.
You should know the following about the content of heliocereus:
- A cactus needs an abundance of light. Adequate lighting should be provided even in winter.
- During the growing season from spring to autumn, a moderate temperature regime is suitable for the plant. The most suitable thermometer values are 21-22 C. However, it is difficult to achieve such indicators in the summer. In winter, Geleocereus prefers 15-18 C.
- Scanty watering is enough. Increase the frequency somewhat in spring and summer.
- The plant requires a transplant every 2-3 years.
- There is no need for additional air humidification and spraying.
- The ideal cactus container is hanging baskets. All the advantages are emphasized in such a container.
Due to its exceptional decorative properties, Heliocereus often acts as a houseplant. Moreover, it is used to decorate halls, celebrations, and is used in interior design and vertical gardening. Verandas and balconies decorated with cactus look very bright.
Now in flower shops there is a wide selection of goods. It became possible to settle tropical flowers, cacti, exotic specimens.
You can also ask which houseplants are the most beautiful and popular. Before you buy a representative of the flora home, ask about the conditions of maintenance and care.
Find out more about indoor flowers, in particular - about which plants are talismans for different signs of the zodiac: