At the beginning of the twentieth century, the zamioculcas flower is widely used by modern flower growers; it received its modern description and name from two German botanists A. A century later, zamioculcas became very popular for landscaping residential and office premises.
- Description of zamiokulkas
- How to propagate zamioculcas with a leaf
- Growing conditions and care features
Description of zamiokulkas
The genus of plants Zamioculcas from the Aroid family is represented by the species Zamioculcas zamyelistny. It has several botanical and folk names. The most popular of them is ZZ, which is most often used by foreign growers. Sometimes the plant is called aroid palm, although it has nothing to do with palms.
The homeland of ZZ is the tropical regions of the African continent and the surrounding island territories. The root system of the herbaceous perennial is represented by a fairly well-formed tuber and rhizome. The evergreen leaves of this plant are remarkable.
They are complex, large in size, leathery in appearance and to the touch, with a well-defined waxy coating. This is due to the dry climate of natural growth of ZZ.
The plant reaches a height of 150 cm at home, there is a low-growing cultivar - 60 cm.It rarely blooms under indoor conditions. Its small yellow or off-white flowers are collected on the cob, which is located at the bottom of the plant and is covered with a green veil.
Even in the wild, the plant blooms quite rarely, and even when grown in a room culture in temperate latitudes, the possibility of obtaining a flower and seeds from ZZ is almost zero. Therefore, only vegetative propagation is available to amateur flower growers. In addition to the fact that new plants can be obtained from cuttings and dividing the bush, zamiokulkas can be propagated with a leaf plate.
How to propagate zamioculcas with a leaf
Reproduction by a leaf - this method is the most accessible, because it is not difficult to get a couple of leaves, even without having an adult plant at home. Important! This plant has complex leaves, they do not look like a leaf, but like a whole shoot with many leaf plates. Therefore, a sheet will mean a separate sheet plate. For all its simplicity, leaf propagation requires accuracy.
There is only one significant drawback - it is a rather slow process. To implement it you need:
- prepare sharp and clean instruments, such as a medical scalpel
- carefully cut off a leaf from an adult plant along with a petiole, you can time it for a spring flower transplant
- hold the sheet without water and soil for 48 hours
- start rooting
- leaf plates can be rooted in water and in the ground
Rooting in water
Pour water into a small container, preferably transparent. The leaf is immersed in it for no more than a third of its length. Periodically, the water needs to be changed to clean water. The process of the appearance of roots and their achievement of a size suitable for transplanting into the ground can take two to three months. It is important to observe the temperature and light conditions all this time.
The room should be about + 20 + 22 degrees, good light is needed, but direct sunlight during this period is undesirable. You can speed up the process by adding a few drops of root root per liter of water.
Rooting in the ground
For rooting in the ground, you will need to take:
- expanded clay or polystyrene
- several leaves with or without petioles
In the selected container, it is necessary to provide for the presence of holes for the outflow of excess water. Pour expanded clay or foam crumbs at the bottom. Mix three parts peat with one part perlite. Place the mixture on top of the drainage layer. Moisten well. Embed the prepared leaves 1/4 part into the ground.
Put everything on the windowsill. If the rooting process takes place in the spring, then the plant does not need additional light and heating. If leaves with a petiole take root, then after 5-6 weeks a small nodule will grow at its base. If a leaf plate without a petiole is used for rooting, then the leaf may dry out over time, but have time to form a nodule.
Video about the correct flower transplant:
After the formation of nodules, plants can be planted in small separate pots and wait for new branches to appear. This happens most often at the end of the sixth month. After about two years, a quite decent-sized flower is obtained from the leaf.
Growing conditions and care features
The plant cannot stand a long stay in a poorly lit room, and direct sunlight, especially in summer, is contraindicated for it. An additional light source is required only in winter.
It is advisable to keep pots with ZZ in a room with a constant temperature of + 20 + 22 degrees. In winter, it is permissible to lower it to +16 + 18. It is undesirable for a plant to stay for a long time at lower values, its growth and development may stop.
ZZ tolerates lack of water better than excess. Therefore, watering is carried out when the earthen coma dries up. It is very convenient to use bottom watering through the pan. From autumn to spring, watering should be made even more moderate and rare. It is important to remember that regular waterlogging can cause root rot.
In addition to watering, the plant needs additional feeding. The most optimal is to buy fertilizer for cacti and dilute it in the amount of 50 - 55% of the recommended rate. Carry out the first feeding in early spring. Subsequently, feed the plant every two weeks until the onset of autumn.
Mature plants need replanting about once every two years. When implementing it, you need to check the roots and, if there is rot, cut off the damaged areas. Growing an African plant in indoor conditions is an exciting activity, especially if the development of a flower occurs in front of a grower from one leaf to a lush bush.