Peanuts, or peanuts, contain many nutrients that nourish the body. What are peanuts, are they nuts or beans?
- Useful substances in the composition
- What is the benefit?
- Peanuts in folk medicine
- How can it harm?
- How to procure?
Useful substances in the composition
Based on the fact that there are 640 kcal per 100 g of nuts, it follows that the nutritional value of the product is great. Nutritionists recommend consuming no more than 20 grams of peanuts per day. Nut per 100 gr contains a large amount:
- Iron - 5 mg
- Magnesium - 182 mg
- Potassium - 660 mg
- Manganese - 2 mg
- Copper - 1144 mcg
- Zinc - 3.27 mg
- Phosphorus - 350 mg
- Calcium - 76 mg
- Sodium - 23 mg
In addition, peanuts contain vanadium, boron, silicon, cobalt, zirconium, strontium, chromium, molybdenum, selenium, lithium and rubidium. The vitamin composition per 100 g of peanuts is also diverse:
- Vitamin B group (B1 (thiamine) - 0.74 mg, B2 - 0.11 mg, B3 - 19 mg, B4 - 52 mg, B5 - 1.75 mg, B6 (pyridoxine) - 0.35 mg)
- Folic acid 0.025 mg
- Ascorbic acid - 5.3 mg
- Tocopherol - 10 mg
- Nicotinic acid (vitamin PP) - 18.9 mg
It also contains biotin, pantothenic acid and choline.
What is the benefit?
Having in its composition many useful trace elements and vitamins, peanuts are beneficial for the body. How peanuts can help the body: Protein. Its content is about 28 grams, while in meat the protein content does not exceed 17 grams. But peanuts cannot provide an alternative source of protein, for example, for vegetarians. The quality of the substance is inferior to its counterpart of animal origin.
Decreased appetite. The calorie content of the product is high, so the body is quickly saturated with fats that are useful for the body. However, people who are prone to obesity or those who follow a diet, it is not advisable to use the product. Fats. Containing monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids, peanuts can be compared to olive oil.
Undoubtedly, peanuts are inferior in the amount of fat, but olive oil does not saturate the body, and peanuts can safely satisfy hunger.
Vitamins and minerals. The content of such a quantity of nutrients has a positive effect on the body. The manganese in peanuts is found in the daily requirement, which maintains the right blood sugar level. Copper helps collagen synthesize and iron absorption, energy production.
Brain work. It improves brain activity, develops memory and even helps to cope with depression. Reducing cholesterol. Phytosterols do not allow excess cholesterol to be absorbed into the intestinal cells, and are simply excreted from the body.
Peanuts in folk medicine
With so much useful in its composition, naturally peanuts are used in traditional medicine. Do not forget that any treatment should be carried out on the recommendation and under the supervision of specialists. Hemophilia treatment. Half an hour before meals, 50-150 mg three times a day. You can also use 1 tablespoon peanut butter. in the same way.
Lung treatment. Boil 90g of peanuts in 300 ml of water for 15 minutes. apply within a month, in the morning on an empty stomach. It helps in the treatment of coughs as it has expectorant properties. Laryngitis treatment. Boil 120 grams of peanuts with the peel for 10 minutes in 1 liter of water. Drink the broth 3-4 times a day, 70 ml. You need to eat the nuts themselves from the broth.
In case of problems with the upper respiratory tract, relieves heat. With and hypertension. Walnut, freshly picked with the peel (half a cup), pour 6% vinegar. Close tightly and store in a dark place for one day. Eat 10 in the morning and in the evening until the nut runs out.
How can it harm?
Despite all the usefulness of peanuts, there are also pitfalls. Strong allergen. The nut itself and its shell can cause an allergic reaction. Varicose veins. The nut increases the production of nitric oxide, which causes the blood vessels to dilate. For those suffering from varicose veins, this is an unnecessary irritation of blood vessels.
Excess weight. Due to the increased calorie content, nutritionists do not recommend getting carried away with this product. Defective protein content. For good assimilation of protein, lysine is gentle for the body. Therefore, in order to assimilate protein from peanuts, you additionally need to consume foods sources of lysine.
How to procure?
When harvesting peanuts, you need to remember that they do not tolerate even small frosts. It is advisable to collect the nut when the leaves turn yellow and begin to dry. This usually falls in early October. The nut is completely dug out of the ground. Then it is shaken off and dried in the sun for 10 - 12 days. During this entire period, the fruit does not separate from the root, otherwise the taste of the product will deteriorate.
After drying, the nuts separate well. Further, the fruits are separated from the husk and stored in boxes or bags in a well-ventilated room, where the humidity is not increased. The oven can help dry the peanuts. Peanuts can be eaten raw or fried, but the antioxidant content of the fried product is higher.
Video about the benefits of peanuts: