Sea buckthorn deserves special attention due to the beneficial properties of sour berries. Orange fruits are rich in vitamins, minerals and organic substances. By planting sea buckthorn on their site, everyone can give themselves an unusual taste, and stock up on vitamins for the winter.
- Features of the view
- The main types of sea buckthorn
- Landing rules
Features of the view
The main feature of sea buckthorn is its intermediate position between a tree and a bush. Depending on the region, climatic characteristics and care in general, this type of tree can reach a height of 1 to 8 meters. With proper care and processing, sea buckthorn can bear fruit for up to 15-20 years.
The leaves on the underside are distinguished by the presence of a silvery pile, on the top due to the intense accumulation of chlorophyll, they have a green tint.
The pile, which covers the lower part of the leaf, allows you to additionally retain moisture, which is especially important on hot days of summer. From the beginning of flowering to full ripening of juicy and sour fruits, it takes from 15 to 20 weeks. Sea buckthorn fruits are densely arranged to each other, development and ripening occurs in bunches. The berries are fully ripe after 30 days.
Where are sea buckthorn fruits and trees used?
- Decorative purposes
- Sea buckthorn prevents the formation of soil erosion. Trees are often planted on sandy soils
- The fruits are widely used in the pharmaceutical industry and medicine.
- Cooking (jams, compotes, preserves)
In general, the tree tolerates temperature drops very well. Sea buckthorn has earned its popularity not only due to the multivitamin composition of the fruit. She is absolutely not demanding of her person, and perfectly withstands severe frosts.
The main types of sea buckthorn
We found out that sea buckthorn feels great in our region. But unfortunately, among the many species of this plant, domestic gardeners recommend paying attention to only a few species.
"Practical" varieties of sea buckthorn
Buckthorn buckthorn. Most often in the garden you can find this particular sea buckthorn variety. Its distinctive feature is compact size (up to 2-3 mestras), late ripening of fruits, high content of vitamin C in berries.
The fruits tolerate the first frosts well, and the first minus temperature will not spoil them at all. The root system of the buckthorn buckthorn is well developed. It is advisable to use this type of tree in windbreak strips. Altai sea buckthorn. Medium-sized plant, with a dense crown.
The main feature of the Altai sea buckthorn is large bright orange fruits. The tree resists the first frosts well. In spring, you can see gray shoots that turn into leaves after 30 days. The period from blooming to ripening of berries is 45 days.
Sea buckthorn "Giant". Medium-sized, oval plant, which is distinguished by a powerful and dense crown. Plants can grow up to 5 meters in height. Shoots are well developed, they are large in size. The berries ripen in early autumn, they have an oval shape and a yellow tint.
Sea buckthorn "Favorite". A medium-sized plant that very rarely reaches a height of 2 meters. The crown is thick and powerful. Perhaps this is one of the most "delicious" varieties of sea buckthorn. The berries are large in size, and in addition to the usual sourness, they have a sweet, spicy taste.
Sea buckthorn "Nugget". The tree reaches a height of 4 meters. Crohn of medium density. The shoots of the tree are bent upward and slightly ringed. The fruits are oval, sour, medium in size. It is these varieties of sea buckthorn that have established themselves not only as a cultural, but also an ornamental plant. With proper care, the tree will delight not only with its gorgeous appearance, but also with delicious fruits.
Sea buckthorn grows well and develops on "light", breathable and permeable soils. It is great if, before planting a young tree, the gardener introduces a fertilizer rich in phosphate salts into the ground.
Video on the correct pruning of sea buckthorn:
On what soil does sea buckthorn not take root:
- Saline areas
- Excessively wet and waterlogged land
- Places with standing water
- Dense, clayey areas
The most favorable place for planting this type of plant is considered to be a flat slope or plain, with "standing", cold air. In this case, the soil should not contain microdepressions. Almost all varieties of sea buckthorn do not like shading, so give preference to a place where the sun “gets” well.
Before planting a young tree in open ground, harden it. To do this, put the tree in a bucket of water in a dark place. Ideal if you can control the room temperature. Your task is to gradually lower the temperature in the room by about 1 degree.
The stages of planting a tree are very simple: dig a hole up to 50-70 centimeters deep (note that the depth of the hole is determined by the size of the sea buckthorn root system), apply fertilizer and fill the hole with plenty of water. Planting should be started only when the soil has completely absorbed water.
Sea buckthorn is not only an ornamental, but also a cultivated plant, which is in special demand among domestic gardeners. Competent care will help you get through the acclimatization period as quickly as possible, and enjoy the sour taste of orange berries!