Laurel belongs to a rather unpretentious plant, so there should not be any difficulties when growing at home. Most often, noble laurel is grown at home.
- Planting laurel: optimal time, soil selection
- Conditions for growing laurel
- Reproduction of laurel
- The main activities for the care of laurel
Planting laurel: optimal time, soil selection
It is recommended to plant laurel seeds in winter. Take a small pot, put a drainage layer on the bottom and cover with soil. Ready-made soil can be purchased at the store or made on your own. To do this, you should take one part of leafy land, turf, humus and two parts of sand.
Mix all the components well. The laurel seeds should first be soaked for several days, since they have a thick skin.
This promotes rapid growth and sprouting. Seeds are planted to a depth of about 1 cm. Next, cover the container with a film so that moisture remains in the soil. When the leaves hatch, the film can be removed. Then the plant is transplanted into a more spacious container.
Conditions for growing laurel
Laurel adapts to any conditions, which allows you to grow it even at home. You can place the pot on any windowsill, but the laurel feels better in the sun than in the shade. The plant is resistant to drafts, so you can not be afraid to open windows for fresh air.
In summer, the temperature in the room where the laurel is located should be + 20- + 27 degrees, and in winter - about + 3- + 15 degrees. In the spring, it is recommended to accustom the plant to the sun's rays, so it is exposed for a while on the windowsill, where the sun's rays fall.
Reproduction of laurel
At home, laurel can be propagated in several ways: by dividing the bush and by cuttings. The seed method of reproduction is actively used. The division of the bush is carried out during the dormant period of the plant. Usually this period falls on October-March. The division is carried out only after the laurel reaches the age of three. The procedure should be carried out carefully. It is enough just to separate 2-3 branches from the bush.
The grafting method is the most difficult, but it can also be carried out. The procedure is carried out at the beginning of summer. For cuttings, ripe or annual shoots are used. Cuttings are cut 7-9 cm at an oblique angle. The lower leaves are removed, and the upper ones are cut in half. As a substrate, you should take equal amounts of leafy soil and marsh moss.
At the bottom of the container, be sure to put a drainage layer of expanded clay. The cuttings are planted in moist soil to a depth of about 2 cm. Next, cover with plastic wrap or a glass jar. Seedlings must be constantly sprayed and opened for ventilation.
The main activities for the care of laurel
In the spring-summer period, laurel needs abundant watering. In hot weather, it should be daily. However, it is important to ensure that the substrate is not waterlogged. In winter, you need to water it 2 times a week. For irrigation, it is desirable to use settled water, the temperature of which will be no more than +20 degrees.
Laurel leaves should be constantly sprayed. In the summer, this procedure is performed 2 times a day. If it is not possible to spray the plant, then you can put a container of water next to the pot. A laurel transplant is performed after 5 years. From this moment on, the transplant is performed every 2-3 years.
Video about planting laurel at home:
The first year you do not need to feed the plant. Additional food will be needed in the second year of life. For this, mineral fertilizers are used, which are applied monthly. You can make organic fertilizing: dilute pigeon droppings or slurry in water. Top dressing is alternated. To avoid burning the roots, the soil should first be well wetted.
Laurel care also includes pruning. It is performed only for decorative purposes. The crown is cut off after the plant reaches 2 years. Cut off the top and leave only 10-15 cm above the ground. The side shoots are pinched by 15-20 cm. The laurel can be given any “haircut”.
With improper care of laurel, the plant can infect various pests: mealy worm, spider mite, leaf thrips. If there are not too many of them, then they can be collected mechanically. In some cases, chemicals will have to be used.
Fungal diseases develop when water stagnates on the surface of the soil, therefore, in order to avoid them, it is necessary to monitor the level of watering. These simple recommendations will help you grow this ornamental plant at home.