Sweet peppers are a popular crop among gardeners and cooks alike. Pepper fruits come in a wide variety of colors, sizes and shapes.
Nowadays, many new varieties and hybrids have been bred with a wide variety of characteristics. Let's try to figure out what you need to know and what to look for when buying sweet pepper seeds.
- Selection of sweet pepper seeds
- Early sweet peppers
- Medium-ripening sweet peppers
- Late sweet peppers for open ground
Selection of sweet pepper seeds
Peppers are a perennial herb from the Solanaceae family. They are grown outdoors as annuals. Vegetable sweet peppers are a thermophilic culture. In temperate climates, in order to get the harvest of peppers, they are grown only through planting seedlings. In the southern regions, sowing seeds in the ground is allowed.
When choosing seeds for self-cultivation, it is important to know that, like most vegetable crops, peppers are divided by ripening period into:
- very early and early - the fruits of such peppers appear 100 - 120 days after the germination of the bulk of the seeds
- medium - here ripening occurs 120 - 135 days after the emergence of sprouts
- late and very late - the fruits of the pepper ripen after 135 - 150 days and even a little later
The ripening period of vegetable peppers is of particular importance when growing not only for personal needs, but also for the sale of vegetable peppers to the population. Here, the superearly and late varieties will be especially in demand. When choosing between a variety or a hybrid, it is important to know that hybrid seed packages are designated F 1.
After ripening of such fruits, their seeds are unsuitable for further cultivation, since they do not convey all the characteristics of the parent plant. Hybrid peppers have the best yield, attractive appearance, disease and pest resistance.
Their bushes, as a rule, are more compact, it is more convenient to look after them when growing. The disadvantages of hybrid peppers include a deterioration in the quality of fruits and yield in violation of agricultural practices. In addition, it matters when choosing varieties of peppers:
- marketable condition
- keeping quality
- disease tolerance
- endurance and unpretentiousness
When choosing varieties of peppers for growing on a site, you need to pay attention to all these points. Correctly selected varieties will guarantee a good harvest of very healthy sweet peppers.
Early sweet peppers
Breeding work on pepper varieties is not standing still, at present many early varieties of vegetable sweet peppers have been obtained for growing in the open field. When choosing these particular peppers, you should pay attention to the following hybrids and varieties:
- Big daddy
- Apricot Favorite
- Red shovel
- Star of the East F1
This variety can be safely attributed to the most reliable early sweet pepper varieties. It has been proven over decades of cultivation both in private gardens and on an industrial scale. This is the same pepper that first appears in large quantities on the shelves of markets and stores. On days 105 - 110, the peppers reach technical ripeness. At this stage, the color of the fruit is very light to almost white, with a slight yellow or slightly golden tint.
At full maturity, the peppers turn red-orange. Fruit weight 90 - 100 g, conical shape. The walls of the peppers of this variety do not differ in fleshiness, rather thin. They are kept fresh without loss of presentation for up to 30 days.
Bushes of medium size, up to 0.6 - 0.7 m in height, compact. The variety gives a harvest even in unfavorable years. The fruits of this variety are eaten fresh, used in cooking, rarely used in blanks.
The variety can be classified as a novelty in the family of early-ripening sweet peppers. In technical ripeness, the fruits are purple in color, about the same as eggplants. Ripening begins at day 108. At biological maturity, the peppers change color to red-brown.
The weight of the peppers is from 100 to 150 g. The shape is cuboid, the walls are thick, 8-10 ml, fleshy. The bushes are compact, up to half a meter in height. Strong, resistant to adverse conditions. A variety of universal use. A feature of the variety - very sweet fruits. Good both fresh and for harvesting for future use. Suitable for freezing.
The disadvantages include crushing the fruits as they bear fruit. The first peppers are larger than the subsequent ones. Perhaps this is due to the formation of a large number of ovaries. No matter how much you want to get an early harvest of peppers, the main area of the site is allotted for varieties of medium ripening.
Medium-ripening sweet peppers
Medium varieties are good because if they are planted on the garden a little earlier, then the fruits will ripen almost simultaneously with the early varieties. Planted at a later date, the medium varieties will ripen along with the late peppers. Medium grades include:
- Gift from Moldova
- Indian elephant
- Ilya Muromets
- Alesha Popovich
A variety of Siberian selection. The harvest of peppers reaches the technical ripeness in 130 days. At this time, his fruits are green. In full ripeness, they acquire a dark red color. Fruits with pronounced ribbing, slightly flattened. The walls are thick, up to 8 mm, and subject to agricultural technology - up to 10 mm. Weight from 150 to 200 g.
The advantage of the variety is the delicious and very juicy fruits with a high content of vitamins. The purpose of the variety is universal. Eat fresh, prepare first and second courses, salads. They can also be canned and frozen. The bushes are compact, standard, up to 0.6 m high. The formation of a bush and the removal of stepchildren is not required.
Gift from Moldova
A proven unpretentious variety. Technical ripeness occurs on days 124 - 125. During this period, the fruits are light green or salad-colored. As they mature, they become deep red. Fruit weight 70 - 90 g, wall thickness - 0.5 mm. The shape is conical.
The taste is good, the purpose of the variety is universal. Standard bushes. Height up to 0.4 m. Resistant to many diseases. Despite the fact that there are many new varieties with more outstanding characteristics, this variety is time-tested and always gives a stable yield.
The variety has flattened fruits with pronounced ribbing and yellow color. At 125 days, the peppers are technically mature. Fruit weight 85 - 90 g. Walls up to 0.6 mm thick. Semi-stemmed bushes, medium size.
The variety is highly resistant to many diseases. Recommended for amateur vegetable growing and for growing in small farms for sale. The purpose of the variety is universal.
If most medium varieties are suitable for eating immediately after harvest, when there are many other fresh vegetables, and for harvesting for the winter, then late varieties can please with fresh fruits at the end of the vegetable season, and, if necessary, become raw materials for harvesting.
Late sweet peppers for open ground
Peppers that ripen late, after 135 days, include varieties:
- Black cardinal
- F1 night
The fruits reach technical ripeness on 135 - 140 days. At this time, their color is dark purple. As they reach full ripeness, they turn red. The shape of the fruit is prismatic, ribbed with a slight curvature. Fruit wall thickness is up to 0.7 mm. Average weight 110 - 120 g. Bushes of medium size, yield of peppers per bush up to 2 kg.
The hybrid is genetically resistant to some common sweet pepper diseases. When choosing peppers for outdoor use, you don't have to rely on one variety or buy dozens of items. To have a solid harvest in the open field, it is enough to purchase 1-3 varieties from each group of sweet peppers, making a choice in favor of zoned varieties.
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