Jasmine is a perennial, evergreen plant. At home, two varieties are grown: Sambac and Holoflower. Thanks to long flowering and easy care, these varieties have won the hearts of many indoor flower lovers.
- Jasmine planting
- Conditions for growing indoor jasmine
- Growing and grooming activities
The first flower transplant is carried out after the purchase of the plant. The flower is preliminarily kept in room conditions for 10-14 days. During this time, the plant is acclimatized and the transplant will not be a big stress for it. Jasmine under the age of 4 is transplanted every year. The frequency of transplantation for an older flower is once every 2-3 years.
The basics of planting jasmine correctly
A more favorable period for replanting jasmine is the beginning of spring. Usually the flower is transplanted in the first decade of March. Selection of a flower pot. Since indoor jasmine is a medium-sized plant, medium-depth flowerpots are suitable for growing it. The diameter of the pot is selected depending on the previous size.
With each transplant, it increases by 3 cm. The material for making the flowerpot: clay, plastic, glass. Do not use metal containers. A prerequisite is the presence of drainage holes. Priming. For indoor jasmine, a light, loose soil with good aeration and moisture permeability is suitable.
You can make your own potting soil or buy it ready-made at a garden store. The composition should be selected in accordance with the age of the plant. For young jasmine, sand, clay-sod and leafy soil are mixed in a 1: 1: 1 ratio. The proportion for an adult is 1: 2: 1. Jasmine dislikes alkaline and neutral soils. The acidity index of the soil is in the range of pH 6-6.5.
Planting depth. The root collar of the plant should be deepened into the ground by no more than 2-3 cm. With a deeper location, jasmine may not bloom. Planting or transplanting is one of the important points when growing indoor jasmine. It is on her that the further development of the plant and its external attractiveness depend.
Conditions for growing indoor jasmine
Indoor jasmine is an unpretentious plant and its cultivation does not require much effort. If you initially create all the necessary conditions for the flower, then the jasmine not only grows well, but also blooms every year.
Lighting and temperature
Jasmine is a light-loving culture, but does not like direct sunlight. The best place for him would be windows on the east or west side. If the flowerpot is on the south side, direct sunlight is scattered with a transparent cloth. The north side is absolutely not suitable. In such a place, jasmine grows slowly and will not bloom.
In summer, a flowerpot with a flower can be placed on a balcony or on a loggia, but you cannot put a flower in the sun. With a sharp change of place to a lighter one, burns may appear on the leaves. Therefore, the illumination level must be changed gradually.
In the winter season, the temperature is kept within 13-17 degrees. At a higher level, spraying should be carried out more often, and the room should be regularly ventilated. In the spring-autumn period, a temperature of 18-23 degrees is recommended. In summer, it is necessary to ensure that the temperature does not exceed 24 degrees. If the rates are higher, the flowerpot is placed outdoors and sprayed with water daily.
Indoor jasmine is a moisture-loving plant. This flower does not tolerate overdrying an earthen coma, but excessive moisture is also unacceptable. With stagnant water, the roots of the flower quickly rot. In summer, abundant watering is recommended 3-4 times a week.
In spring and autumn, three waterings per week are enough. In winter, during the flowering period, jasmine is watered every 4-5 days. For the rest of the winter season, water the flower when the topsoil becomes dry. For irrigation, use settled or rainwater at room temperature.
Video about indoor jasmine and caring for it:
Conditions for growing indoor jasmine can be created in almost any room. Therefore, this flower can be grown not only in residential apartments and houses, but also used as decoration in offices and in common areas.
Growing and grooming activities
Taking care of indoor jasmine is not difficult, so even a novice florist can grow a beautiful and flowering plant. Caring for indoor jasmine is divided into two periods:
- Leaving immediately after planting
- Growing care
After planting or transplanting, the flower does not require special care. During this period, it is necessary to monitor the soil moisture and regularly spray the leaves with clean water. Top dressing is applied no earlier than 2 months later. Care for growing an adult plant consists of:
- Regular feeding
- Trimming and shaping
Jasmine should be fed from early spring to early autumn. Fertilizers are applied every two weeks. With such feeding, organic and mineral mixtures are alternately used. In the fall, the frequency of feeding is once a month. During this period, complex fertilizers are used. In winter, jasmine is not fed.
Mulching the top layer of the earth in a flowerpot slows down the evaporation of moisture and prevents the earth from drying out. Also, mulching can significantly reduce the amount of watering. Wood chips, decorative shells and stones are used as mulch.
Pruning jasmine stimulates the growth of new twigs, which makes the aerial part of the flower thicker. It is held annually, in the last decade of February or in the first decade of March. Weak stems are cut in half, strong ones are cut by a third. Short young twigs are selectively pinched. Jasmine is formed in the shape of a vine, braiding the support.
As a support, use ready-made metal or plastic semicircles or make them yourself. The stems are fixed with twine. The main rule of caring for indoor jasmine is timeliness.
With insufficient care, the plant loses its visual appeal, weakens and can be affected by pests. Indoor jasmine is an unpretentious plant and does not require special growing conditions. With its help, you can not only decorate the room, but also fill it with a unique fresh aroma.