The gentian or gentian is a wonderful perennial that enchants with its color and beauty. Often we plant flowers of different colors in flower beds, and most of them are yellow, red or pink, and we just want to add blue. It is the gentian that is wonderful to cope with this task.
In addition to blue, gentian is yellow and white. Therefore, this option is perfect for those who love gentiana, but they do not like blue. Let's take a closer look at the most common types of this plant, which are grown in summer cottages and flower beds.
- Description of types, advantages, features
- Growing features: soil selection, planting, watering, fertilization
- The benefits and uses of gentian in traditional medicine
Description of types, advantages, features
The stemless gentian is a common species. It is a perennial. The stem reaches 7-10 cm in length. The leaves are dark green, elongated. Grows in slightly acidic or neutral soil. The flowers are large, blue or blue, five centimeters long. Blooms in warm weather (May-June). Sowing takes place in the winter.
This plant can reproduce by seeds, cuttings or by dividing a bush. Spring gentian is a perennial plant growing in the mountains. The soil during cultivation should be pH 6.6-6.8.
It reproduces in the same way as stemless gentian. Winter-hardy, requires insulation for the winter. Blooms in June. It blooms with single flowers, one to two centimeters in diameter. The flower is bright blue, rarely purple or red. Lanceolate leaf shape.
Gentian vatochnik - common on forest edges, meadows and rare forests. When planting, the pH of the soil should be 5.1-6.1. Propagated by seeds. Seeds are planted in open ground in winter. Gentian fleece can withstand frosts down to -28 degrees. The flowering period teaches in July-August. Sometimes it reaches a height of up to 1 meter, on average, a height of 40-80 cm.
Requires abundant watering, as it is a very moisture-loving flower. The flowers are large, five centimeters long, blue, rarely white. The yellow gentian is a perennial found in subalpine meadows. Requires neutral or slightly acidic soil pH.
Propagated by seeds, planted in the ground in winter. It reaches a height of 100-150 cm. The flowers are large, yellow, 2.5 cm in diameter. The leaves are elliptical. Needs moderate watering, without stagnant water.
Growing features: soil selection, planting, watering, fertilization
Previously, the cultivation of this plant was a huge work, since it was difficult to choose a planting site with suitable conditions. Now you can easily spot gentian seedlings in garden stores. You can also find specially prepared soil for certain species, which greatly facilitates care. Each species requires individual soil acidity.
When watering, keep in mind that the gentian does not like stagnant water and can rot. But it should be watered regularly, in small quantities. In addition, the gentian loves humid air, so it is best to plant it close to water. With improper care of the flower, its death is possible. You shouldn't forget about fertilization.
Video about the gentian plant:
Positively gentian refers to rotted manure. If you are planting not with seeds, but with seedlings, then it is worth applying ash to the roots before planting in the ground. You can use specially selected mineral fertilizers in the store, apply them according to the description of the instructions. Reproduction of gentian is possible in several ways: by layering, cuttings, dividing a bush or seeds.
It is best to do this by seeds, since it does not tolerate reproduction in other ways well. If you still do not reproduce by seeds, then this must be done with great care so as not to damage the plant. Sowing with seeds is done in winter. The gentian goes well with other flowers, especially if they are undersized, such as edelweiss or primrose. Tall varieties are incomparably combined with rhododendrons.
The benefits and uses of gentian in traditional medicine
Many thousands of years ago, decoctions and infusions of this plant were used to treat various diseases. For example, in ancient Egypt, a decoction was used to treat diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, and in ancient Rome, the infusion was used for bruises and convulsions, and even treated the plague. Gentian has retained its relevance in the Middle Ages.
People treated her with tuberculosis, fever, diarrhea and used it as an antihelminthic drug. In addition to treatment in the Middle Ages, alcoholic beverages were made from gentian. Until now, gentian is appreciated in the Carpathians. Due to its medicinal properties, gentian treats diseases.
- gastrointestinal tract
Decoctions of gentian are recommended for gout, rheumatoid arthritis, constipation, and as well as an antiallergic agent. In folk medicine now this plant is also used as a means of increasing appetite, anti-inflammatory and hemostatic. Gentian is a part of many traditional medicines that are used in the treatment of diseases of the digestive system.
It is especially widespread in cosmetology (a wide selection of gentian-based tonics). To increase appetite, one tbsp. a spoonful of dry and ground root is poured into a deep container and poured with 250 milliliters of water and cooked over low heat for 10 minutes. This broth is applied in 20 grams 15 minutes before meals. Now you know the features in caring for a gentian. We hope that our article will help you in growing this interesting flower.