Also

Lettuce onion, its features and description


Onions are a familiar culture both in the garden and in cooking. Let's try to figure out what lettuce is and what place it is given to in the family of onion crops.

Content:

  • Onions, types of bows
  • Lettuce or salad
  • Lettuce or salad onion?

Onions, types of bows

Onions are a culture that has been used by humans for food since ancient times. Although there are now a great many varieties, wild species are still consumed in some countries.
Most of the onion is a perennial or biennial plant that forms a bulb. In some species, the bulb is full, and in some it may be underdeveloped.

Of the wild species, wild garlic or bear onion, which belongs to the species with wide leaves, is very popular among the population. Some wild-growing onions are becoming very rare plants, for example, soddy onions are even listed in the Red Book as an endangered species. All onion crops have a rather strong specific smell. In total, more than a thousand different types of onions are known, of which the most popular are:

  • onion
  • shallots or ashkelon onions
  • onion-batun or fifty onion
  • onion - slime
  • chives - onions or chives
  • leek or pearl onion
  • branched onion or dzhutsay
  • bear onion or wild garlic

Many onions, being inherently closest relatives of garlic, have a garlic smell and taste. This applies not only to wild garlic, but also to jutsai onions. All types of edible onions are rich in vitamins, minerals, phytoncides. Onions are consumed both fresh and after heat treatment.

In addition, many decorative varieties of onions - alliums have been bred, which are popular because of their beautiful inflorescences. No matter how much we ask Yandex or search in botanical books, it is unlikely that we will be able to find a plant called lettuce, so we will try to figure out what is hidden under this phrase.

Lettuce or salad?

When people use the convenient phrase onion lettuce, it’s more often than not about the onion, but about the salad. Lettuce or lettuce is a genus of plants from the Asteraceae family. Since ancient times, lettuce has been used not only for food, but also as a medicinal plant, and even as an exquisite delicacy. Today lettuce or lettuce has not lost its significance and is one of the most popular types of summer green vegetables.

Among the types of lettuce there are many weeds, but head lettuce is one of the most sought-after plants with many varieties. All over the world, head lettuce is grown both on an industrial scale and in amateur beds.

The advantages of head lettuce include early maturity and cold resistance. Young seedlings tolerate short-term frosts up to - 5, and adult plants up to - 8 degrees. With prolonged exposure to low temperatures, the plant can bypass the head stage and begin to bloom. The optimum temperature for growing is +16 + 18 degrees. At higher values, the leaves of the lettuce coarsen and the stalking phase begins. Subject to agricultural technology, already after 45 - 60 days after sowing, you can start harvesting.

Sowing lettuce can be done both before winter and in early spring after the soil has thawed. Lovers of this culture sow lettuce in the summer as well. It is not necessary to set aside a whole bed for him, you can also sow in the aisles or along the edges of the beds. In terms of nutritional value and benefits, head lettuce is superior to leaf lettuce.

The following varieties of lettuce are popular today:

  • Eva, early with dense heads of cabbage weighing up to 500.0 g
  • Grenada, early, the color of the heads is gray-green, weight up to 1500.0 g
  • Iceberg, medium ripening, fruitful, weighing up to 900.0 g
  • May King or King of May, medium grade, heads up to 25 cm in diameter
  • Berlin yellow, heads of cabbage are not large, loose, without bitterness

Based on all of the above, it is clear that lettuce is not an onion, but a salad, but what can be meant by the name lettuce?

Lettuce or salad onion?

Among the many types of onions, there is a wild type of grape onion or salad onion. In the wild, it can be found in North Africa, Europe, Asia. Salad onions are distinguished by flat leaves, up to one cm wide, up to 50 - 80 cm high.The bulb is ovoid, up to 4 cm in size. America. Very popular in France.

A feature of the leek is the white leg, which is formed by the bases of the leaves and is a false bulb. Leek varieties are grown precisely because of this white part. The length of the white leg can exceed 10 - 12 cm. In earlier times, the bulb was more pronounced than in modern varieties. Most often, planting leeks in a temperate climate is carried out through seedlings, and in the southern regions, its seeds are sown directly into the ground.

It differs in that the content of vitamin C during storage practically does not decrease, but can also increase up to 50%. This property is not possessed by any vegetable crop. Leek is also popular because of its softer and subtle taste. In addition to cooking, leeks are also used in folk medicine, as a means that positively affects the secretory work of the gastrointestinal tract, as well as with increased body weight, rheumatism, and joint disease.

For cultivation, you can recommend varieties:

  • Autumn giant, late, ripening up to 200 days, peninsular, with medicinal properties
  • Bandit, late, maturing up to 150 days, with a short juicy white leg
  • Elephant, medium, with a massive white part, suitable for winter storage

Despite the fact that lettuce or leeks have successfully disguised themselves as a salad, it is probably worth growing both lettuce and leeks in the garden in order to provide yourself with vitamins both in summer and in winter.

Growing lettuce on video:


Watch the video: How to Grill Lettuce (January 2022).