Today, no garden plot is complete without beautiful shrubs. You can dilute the boring image of gardens and plots with perennial shrubs. They help to outline the boundaries of the garden, giving it a special effect.
You can choose plants by size and color. In addition, these plants are not whimsical to care for and are resistant to various diseases.
- The best shrubs for the garden
- Planting and caring for perennial shrubs
- Create a garden of perennial shrubs
The best shrubs for the garden
Lilac. It is a diverse flowering shrub with about ten species. This plant is quite frost-resistant, so it can be grown in any temperate climate. The only drawback of the shrub is that after flowering, it does not look attractive enough.
Spirea. It is an ornamental plant with fluffy flowers. Spirea varieties have different flowering periods. Thanks to this, it is possible to provide a continuous change in the color range of shrubs in the garden. In turn, the aroma of the plant will attract various insects for pollination. After all, spirea is also an excellent honey plant.
Forsythia. It is a perennial shrub of the olive family. It has yellow flowers that resemble bells. The uniqueness of this plant lies in the fact that at first it blooms, and then releases leaves with young shoots.
Decorative almonds. It is a springtime flowering plant. The shrub blooms for 4-5 years after planting. Almonds do not require any special care and grows fast enough. When its old trunks die off, they are gradually replaced by new root suckers. In addition to all the above plants, you can decorate your site with such perennials as: barberry, weigela, wolfberry, keria, etc.
Planting and caring for perennial shrubs
Given the fact that ornamental plants have been growing in one place for many years, it is necessary to carefully choose the soil for them. If most of the shrubs are light-loving forms, then it is better to plant them in shaded areas.
For intensive plant growth, the land must be pre-treated with organic fertilizers. As for planting, shrubs can be planted both in spring and autumn. In the spring, planting should take place immediately after the snow melts, and in the fall - during the leaf fall.
For autumn planting, holes need to be dug in the summer. The diameter and depth of the finished pit should be 0.6m. If there is only one sand in the soil, then a little clay must be added to it, on top of which fertile soil will be poured.
Video about a beautiful shrub for a scump garden:
Planting of plants should take place in cloudy weather. Plants ready for planting must have a strong root system. The seedlings should not be more than five years old. Fresh seedlings must be buried immediately in prepared holes, otherwise the roots may dry out. After planting the plant, you need to make a hole around it and pour two buckets of water into it.
Thus, the soil around the roots is compacted. The trunk circle of a watered plant can be mulched with peat, or fallen needles. Mulching the soil helps prevent moisture evaporation.
Further care for the planted shrubs consists in watering and cutting off weak and broken shoots. If the shoots are too long, then they also need to be cut. This is done in order to restore the physiological balance of the damaged root system. Throughout the growing season, plants need to be watered very often. Also during this period it is necessary to apply mineral fertilizers.
Create a garden of perennial shrubs
The correct creation of a garden or a flower garden with perennial shrubs, go through several stages, for example, determining the style, distributing colors, etc. Definition of style. The style can be landscape or formal. Also, these two styles can be mixed by planting plants along the paths, symmetrical lines. At the same time, in the center of the garden, you can place a country-style composition. Such a garden will need careful and regular maintenance.
Determination of the point of view. It is necessary to pay attention precisely to those points from which the composition will most often be observed. First of all, it is necessary to take into account the color and texture of the shrubs. Blue colors should be placed close to the point of view, while bright colors are best perceived at a distance. Shrubs with large flowers should also be located away from the vantage point, and plants with small inflorescences are best placed in the foreground.
Distribution of colors. If the garden is monochrome, then only one color is taken as a basis, under which all other plants will be selected in the future. As a rule, the shades of all selected plants should correspond to the main color chosen.
Harmonious gardens combine two or three colors. The main thing is that these combinations are easy to understand. All perennial shrubs must be matched to the flowering period to ensure continuous flowering. If a flower bed is planned on the territory of the garden, then when decorating it, it is worth adhering to several rules. The highest varieties of plants should be placed in the middle of the flower bed. Further, the placement of shrubs occurs as they decrease.
Low-growing flowers are planted along the borders. You also need to take into account the fact that flower heads always turn to follow the sun. Therefore, so that the flowers do not turn in the opposite direction, it is best to plant those varieties that react least to the sun's rays. Such plants include: lupine, irises, delphinium, zinnias and marigolds.
In the process of planting perennial shrubs, a certain distance must be left between them, since over time they will grow. Also, when choosing plants, you need to pay attention to the fact that some varieties tend to close after lunch (bindweed). A flower like mattiola closes closer to night. So that the flower bed can delight with its flowering all year round, some varieties of annuals can be added to perennial plants.