The owners of land plots and country houses are trying to give their territory the most attractive and aesthetic appearance. Here it is worth thinking about various vines, for example, such as wisteria. This plant has a second name - wisteria, planting and caring for which requires certain knowledge about the plant.
- Wisteria or wisteria, some information about the plant
- Wisteria, reproduction, planting in the garden
- Wisteria plant care
Wisteria or wisteria, some information about the plant
Deciduous tree lianas are part of the genus Wisteria, the Legume family. The genus includes 9 species. Most of them only grow in warm tropical climates. For amateur gardening, abundant flowering wisteria and Chinese wisteria are best suited. Lianas of these species easily overcome the length of 10 meters. Flowers are collected in long drooping racemes. In wisteria with abundant flowering, brushes are longer, up to half a meter, appear together with leaves and are less aromatic. It is more frost-resistant and can withstand short-term frosts up to - 23 degrees.
In wisteria, the Chinese brush is shorter, with a delicate strong aroma, the flowers bloom before the leaves appear.
The color is pale lilac, sometimes white. The length of the brushes is up to 30 cm. After flowering, beans up to 15 cm in length are formed. Chinese wisteria can withstand short frosts down to -20. It is also worth mentioning that abundant flowering wisteria may not bloom in the first 10 years of life, Chinese wisteria blooms in the fourth year. In addition, another difference has been noticed between these common wisteria. Abundant flowering twists clockwise, and Chinese counterclockwise. In landscaping, wisterias are suitable for vertical landscaping. Abundant flowering is best used for decorating pergolas, and Chinese - for wall gardening and in tub culture. In addition to the two named species, the following wisteria can be grown:
- Japanese, white flowers
- shrubby, flowers violet-blue
- large-leaved, purple flowers
- beautiful, flowers are simple and double, white, purple
It remains to be seen how difficult it is to grow wisteria on your own.
Wisteria, reproduction, planting in the garden
There are three main ways to propagate wisteria in the garden: seeds, cuttings, layering.
Planting wisteria seeds
Seeds of wisteria are large enough, after harvesting, they remain viable for up to five years. Sowing time is March. In warmer climates, you can sow directly into the ground. In a cool place - you need to grow wisteria from seeds through seedlings. Flat planting pots are filled with soil of the following composition: two parts of deciduous land, and one part of sand and sod land. The soil is well moistened so that there is enough moisture for the sprout to appear. Spread the seeds on top, without embedding in the ground and mulch everything with a mixture of dry leaves and crushed bark. You can also cover it with sand. Cover with foil or glass, put in the dark. After about 10 - 15 days, after the sprouts appear, take out to a lighted place.
Video about planting and caring for wisteria:
Until this point, it is advisable not to over-water, otherwise the seeds may begin to rot. It can be planted in a permanent place in the stage of two true leaves. Not all seedlings inherit the decorativeness of the maternal forms, in addition, they bloom quite late. However, they have an advantage, since they grow from the first day in the conditions in which they will exist in the future and are distinguished by increased endurance.
Planting wisteria cuttings
Cuttings are cut in April, up to 20-25 cm long. Rooted in a mixture of leaf, turf, earth, peat and sand. You can plant it immediately on a permanent place or in a school. Cover with a plastic cap until rooting.
Reproduction by layering
An annual shoot is bent to the ground and a container with soil mixture is placed under it, you can take the earth as for cuttings. An incision is made about 1/3 of the diameter. Fix this place in a pot, sprinkle with soil. The next year, the new plant can be separated from the mother vine. Varietal wisteria is best purchased as grafted seedlings with a closed root system. This should be done only from trusted sellers. Despite its fabulous appearance and rather low winter hardiness, care for wisteria is not very difficult.
Wisteria plant care
Wisteria is undemanding to the soil, it is better to choose loamy or sandy loam soils with an acidity close to neutral or slightly acidic. Strongly alkaline soils can cause chlorosis. For good growth and abundant flowering of wisteria, six hours of continuous lighting per day are enough. During the flowering period, the vine gives a lot of energy and requires regular and abundant watering. Do not allow the land where wisteria grows to dry out. Optimally - slightly damp ground.
Since the buds appear, the plant needs fertilization. It must be brought in once every seven days. Kemira suite will do. Mineral dressings alternate with the introduction of organic matter. Mullein is bred, 1:20, and wisteria is watered with it. Wisteria is characterized by a fairly rapid growth of shoots. The vine must be cut off at least twice a season. As soon as the vine has bloomed, all lateral shoots must be shortened. Only 1/3 are left.
At the beginning of autumn, after the fall of leaves, one more pruning of all shoots is carried out, both those that were cut in summer and new ones. It is enough to leave three buds on each shoot.
In areas with warm climates, the plant hibernates without shelter. This is permissible in regions such as southern Russia. In a more severe climate, the vine is removed from the support, fixed on the board and covered with spruce branches, spandbond. There are cases when wisteria tolerate winter frosts well enough without being removed from supports and additional shelter. If it is not possible to keep the plant from frost, you can grow it in a container and bring it indoors for the winter.