Buzulnik is a plant that is quite widespread in natural conditions in Asia, Africa and Europe. In the wild, there are more than 150 species of this herbaceous perennial. Some species attracted the attention of flower growers for their decorative qualities, since they are not only capable of long-term flowering, but have leaves that are decorative in shape and color. In addition, when planting and caring for a buzulnik, it does not require much effort from gardeners.
- Brief description of the buzulnik plant
- Choosing a place for a buzulnik, landing
- How to care for a buzulnik in the garden
Brief description of the buzulnik plant
The scientific name of Buzulnik is ligularia. Translated from Latin, ligularia is a tongue. The plant got this name due to the ligulate flowers, which are quite bright in color. The genus Buzulnik belongs to the plants of the Astrov family. Wild species are perennial herbaceous plants with powerful rhizomes. Many species are distinguished by rather tall, tall stems and peduncles, reaching a size of 120 - 130 cm.
For the most part, it prefers to grow on moist soils in the forest or near water bodies. It has large, more than 50 cm in diameter, leaves. They have both solid and carved plate shapes. Arranged on the stem alternately. The color of the leaves can be of any shade of green; there are species with reddish, purple leaves. There are species in which one side of the leaf plate is brown or purple, the other is green. In some species, cuttings may be colored.
Flowers are represented by bright and rather large marginal flowers in the form of tongues and small tubular median flowers. Flowers are collected in inflorescences - baskets. In turn, the baskets are combined into inflorescences:
In some species, the baskets are arranged in a single order. There are species with a flowering period of 4 to 8 weeks, and there are those that bloom in late June and bloom until the very frost. In culture, it is grown both as an ornamental plant and as a folk remedy. Has gained popularity among flower lovers as a very showy flowering perennial plant that can grow in the shade. Therefore, it can be planted on a plot in the shade of tall trees, buildings where other flowering plants do not take root.
Choosing a place for a buzulnik, landing
Buzulnik is a rather large and majestic plant. In order for it to please the eye with its flowers and very spectacular leaves, it must grow under certain conditions, preferably very close to natural ones.
Almost all types of buzulnik prefer to grow in shade or partial shade. In the bright sun, their growth may slow down, and the leaves and flowers lose some of their decorative effect. Therefore, it is preferable to choose natural or artificial partial shade or shade. A buzulnik planted in bright direct sun will regularly need constant abundant watering.
Buzulnik plant video:
Soil and planting
Buzulnik, most likely, is picky not so much about the composition and mechanical characteristics of the soil, but about its moisture. If it is not possible to plant it close to a reservoir on well-moistened soil, then it is better to choose the dampest place on the site or provide the plant with abundant watering. When planting, it is advisable to apply a sufficient amount of fertilizer so that the buzulnik feels good in a permanent place for several years. Usually in one place this plant can be up to 20 years. Heavy clay soil and temporary flooding do not harm many types of buzulnik. Planting material for a buzulnik can be:
- divided bush
The plant is planted with seeds in spring, from mid-May, or in autumn, from mid-September to mid-October. Before planting, the site is dug onto a shovel bayonet. The complex fertilizer is applied simultaneously with digging. Distances between plants from 0.5 m to 1.0 m. With seed propagation, the buzulnik will bloom in the fourth or fifth year. By dividing the bush, you can plant a buzulnik in the spring, but if necessary, do this in the summer. To do this, you will have to cut off the ground part and plant a bush. Such a plant will bloom only the next season.
It will look best in the design of a reservoir, in group plantings or as an accent plant. Despite the endurance and unpretentiousness, the planting of the buzulnik still needs some care.
How to care for a buzulnik in the garden
Planting care begins in mid-spring. After the soil has completely thawed, the soil must be freed from dried plant residues and loosened well. If necessary, spill with water and cover with peat or compost. In summer, the main care is to regularly maintain soil moisture, if the summer is dry, then the buzulnik needs abundant watering every three to four days. To preserve moisture, the soil is mulched immediately after watering.
If the plants grow on poor soil, then organic fertilizing can be applied once every two years, and mineral fertilizing - annually in spring, and when flowering occurs, once every two weeks, until the end of August.
If there is no need to collect seeds, then as soon as the flowers wither, then they must be cut off so that they do not reduce the decorative effect of the plant. Before the onset of winter, the ground part must be cut off, and the plant must be mulched on top with a layer of humus or peat. No other additional cover is required. The plant has practically no pests. Its tough leaves can only be gnawed by garden slugs. Their number in the garden can be reduced using special homemade traps. When properly planted and cared for, the buzulnik becomes the most spectacular plant in the garden.