The porcini mushroom is one of the most delicious and aromatic, unlike other mushrooms. In order not to go into the forest for mushrooms, you can grow a porcini mushroom at a summer cottage. For this, the same natural conditions should be created.
- Choosing a place for planting porcini mushrooms
- Growing and reproduction of porcini mushroom from mycelium
- Features of boletus breeding using spores
- Other ways to grow porcini mushrooms
Choosing a place for planting porcini mushrooms
Boletus or porcini mushroom prefers dry soils with good drainage - loamy or sandy. If an oak, spruce or birch grows in the summer cottage, then you can safely prepare a place for planting boletus. It is best to grow in areas with moderate humidity to get enough sunlight. It should be remembered that the porcini mushroom does not grow near ferns and some other plant species.
All these conditions must be observed if you want to grow a porcini mushroom in your summer cottage. Planting can be done from May to September. The mycelium should be healthy and ripe. If the mushroom is found under a birch, then it is also recommended to plant it in the country under a birch. In rare cases, a mushroom found under a birch takes root under an oak or spruce. You can grow boletus at home in one of two ways: from the mycelium and using hats.
Growing and reproduction of porcini mushroom from mycelium
To grow boletus, you need to purchase mushroom mycelium on the Internet. If there is an ammoniacal smell of mycelium, then it is not recommended to use this planting material. The normal color of the mycelium is orange with yellowness. Usually one package is enough for a tree. Again, the top layer is removed, then the compost is stacked about 2 cm thick. The next layer is mycelium. It is recommended to lay it in a checkerboard pattern. Then cover with the removed layer of earth and pour well with water. To maintain moisture, cover the ground with straw about 20-30 cm.
It is important to ensure that the mycelium does not dry out. Water the area as needed. In the summer, watering should be abundant. To increase the likelihood of germination, a fertilizer consisting of microorganisms can be added to the water. To protect the mycelium from frost, cover the planting site with moss, fallen leaves or straw. If the mycelium takes root, then the mushrooms can be harvested in a year. Mushrooms are usually harvested within 3-4 years.
After this period, you can continue to grow mushrooms using this method.
Features of boletus breeding using spores
It is necessary to collect the caps of porcini mushrooms in the forest and soak in water for 2 hours. It is desirable to choose large ones with a diameter of more than 10 cm. After that, add sugar to the water, mix and knead the caps with your hands. For 10 liters of water, you will need 50 g of sugar. Refined sugar is not recommended for use. If insect larvae are found during breaking, then the hat does not need to be thrown away. It can also be used as a planting material. In addition to sugar, alcohol can be used. For a 10-liter bucket of water, you will need 3-4 tablespoons of alcohol. A prerequisite is to add to the water in front of the caps.
While the mycelium is infused, the soil should be prepared. To do this, remove about 20 cm of the topsoil next to the tree. It should be done very carefully so as not to touch the roots of the tree. Before planting mycelium, the soil must be treated with a disinfectant solution.
You can use a decoction of black tea or buy oak bark at the pharmacy and prepare a decoction. For one tree, you will need about 2-3 liters of chilled solution. Pour black tea (50-100 g) with hot water and leave to infuse for 15 minutes. In the same way, a decoction of oak bark is prepared. You will need 30 g of oak bark per 1 liter of water. Then pour sweet water under the tree and cover with soil. Then pour plenty of water - 4-5 buckets per tree. The moisture content of the soil, especially in summer, should be maintained. In winter, it is recommended to cover the soil, and remove it at the beginning of spring. If you plant correctly, then you can pick mushrooms next season.
Other ways to grow porcini mushrooms
To grow porcini mushrooms in the country, they usually use one of the above methods. You can use other methods as well. The first method: dig in a small section of the mycelium in the forest and lay it on the prepared area. Care in this case is no different. The second way: take mature boletus caps and chop. Next, put in a warm and dry place to dry. After that, carefully lay the dried mass, compact and water. The third way: prepare an infusion of mushrooms and water, starting from the trunk. Many people grow porcini mushrooms in a greenhouse. It is very important to prepare the soil for planting. For soil, you need forest and garden soil. Together with the mushroom, you should take the land in which it grew. Add some sawdust and manure and mix well.
In this state, the soil mixture should be kept in a darkened room for a week. After that, pour into a box, plant mycelium and place in a greenhouse. With this method of cultivation, the soil should be well moistened. To do this, place a container with water every 1.5 meters. For good growth and development of fungi, constant air circulation must be ensured. You need to either regularly ventilate, or make ventilation. To prevent the rays of sunlight from reaching the mushrooms, the area where the mushrooms are located should be covered with dark agrofibre. Porcini mushrooms feel more comfortable in semi-dark places. When choosing one or another method of growing porcini mushrooms in a summer cottage, you should create and regularly maintain favorable conditions. This is the only way to achieve a good harvest.
Video about growing porcini mushrooms at home: