Scumpia vulgaris belongs to the knitting plants. They tend to change color, at the end of summer they become yellow.
The flowers of this plant do not have any special characteristics, they are brown with a green tint, collected in panicles. Pedicels stretch over time, a beautiful fluffy inflorescence appears. The shrub also has ovoid fruits.
- The appearance of the scumpia
- Planting, reproduction
- Skumpia care rules
- Garden design and useful properties
The appearance of the scumpia
Scumpia can be compared to a graceful tree that has a branched crown. This shrub grows quite tall. If it grows in a subtropical climate, it can even reach up to 12 meters. Scumpia can live up to a hundred years. It stands out among other plants, trees, beautiful leaves that have distinct veins.
Each season of the year affects the shrub in its own way, painting it in different colors. By the end of autumn, it seems that it will be a completely different type of plant. A red tint will appear along all the veins, and later all the foliage will turn bright crimson. If you rub a scumpia leaf, then a specific smell is released, which resembles a carrot.
Changes in scumpia begin in mid-summer when small inflorescences appear. The flowers are very small, yellow-green or white-yellow. It seems as if the tree has embraced a transparent cloud. Surprisingly, the plant does not stop pleasing with its changes. Further, the flowers fall, but pedicels begin to develop diligently. They stretch out and become an orange-pink hue. These threads resemble a head of hair, from which the name came.
Scumpia vulgaris loves dry places that are well warmed up by the sun. Has the following characteristics:
- It does not require special soil
- In nature, it most often grows on rocky slopes
- It is planted on flattering clay soils.
Sometimes the plant serves as a strengthening of ravines, as it has a branched root system. If moisture constantly stagnates, then the plant will begin to die. It doesn't like excess water.
If a person is engaged in planting a scump, while the space is open, then shelter should be provided in the winter. An older plant tolerates cold normally, which cannot be said about young plantings. Frost can harm them. Because of this, the skumpia is planted in the spring so that it has time to adapt and prepare for winter.
The plant is propagated in different ways. Layers are used. To do this, cut the lower branch, which is bent a little, fixed in the ground. After that, over time, roots begin to sprout. Then you should separate the new plant from the main shrub. This is done carefully.
There are other methods of reproduction, for example, using root shoots. Mostly green cuttings are used to get a new plant. They are harvested in the first half of summer. To do this, it is worth soaking the cuttings for half a day in a solution of heteroauxin.
After this procedure, the greenhouse is ready for planting. The cuttings do not germinate instantly, this will take a long time and a little care, since the first time you should often water the scumpia.
Seeds are also used for propagation. This method is considered to be the simplest. To do this, you need to wait for the fruits to appear, this period falls in August. They look like small drupes with veins. Sowing of the harvested fruits should take place either in spring or autumn. In the first case, stratification is also carried out.
Skumpia care rules
No special care is needed for this plant. If it has just been planted, and the weather is very dry, it is recommended to provide weekly watering. More mature shrubs will be able to calmly survive the drought. Moisture is retained for longer if you mulch the soil around the skumpia. This plant will calmly endure the winter, and diseases or pests rarely affect it.
The only thing to be afraid of is verticillary wilting. Fungi lead to this, after which the leaves wither, and the shoots die off. In this case, gardeners recommend pruning the branches that are damaged.
Scumpia needs to be cut off after a while, especially if it is an ornamental variety. From this, the branches of the shrub will grow better, and the leaves will increase in size. The main thing is not to overdo it, as frequent pruning will reduce the flowers.
It is important to prune shrubs that are not tall. For example, such is the Royal Purple variety, which does not grow more than 3 meters. By the way, it has very beautiful leaves that turn bluish until the end of autumn. But the Notcutt`s Variety variety does not grow more than 1.5 meters at all, their flowers are purple in color.
Garden design and useful properties
The plant surprises with its changes throughout the summer, until late autumn. Because of this, this shrub is often used for garden decoration. In combination with other trees and bushes, a beautiful landscape is obtained. Gardeners recommend combining scumpia with conifers, as they look harmonious together. You can also try planting this shrub with plants whose foliage is painted in bright colors.
But when planting with other trees or plants of the garden, it should be remembered that the scumpia does not like crampedness, it needs space. It should also be borne in mind that after a few years, a small seedling will turn into a tree of paradise. Therefore, it is better to plant it alone, it looks so more expressive.
In addition to the beauty that the scumpia gives, it is also used for useful purposes. The leaves of the plant are rich in tannins, which have been appreciated by people for a long time. All parts of the shrub are effectively used:
- Bark is taken to make yellow paint
- Wood is used to make tools and crafts
- Shoots are needed when tanning leather
- Branches and roots are taken for prescription drugs
Decoctions and infusions are also made, which are later used for external use. The resulting product relieves inflammation, skin diseases, removes ulcers, abscesses. It is even used as a pain reliever for toothache.
The leaves are also used in medicine. They extract tannin, gallic acid. Tannin is used medicinally as an antiseptic, astringent drug that relieves inflammation. Medicines, which contain it, are used to treat diseases of the larynx, nose, stomach, and burns.
There are many other diseases in which this wonderful plant is used. In addition to medicinal properties, it pleases with its beauty.
Admire the beauty of the common scump on the video: