Gaillardia is a guest in many garden plots and flower beds. Such popularity is due to the unpretentiousness and simplicity of plant cultivation. Gaillardia can be annual, but perennial varieties are most in demand, which tolerate wintering well enough and do not require shelter.
- What is this plant?
- Planting and leaving
- Variety of varieties
What is this plant?
In total, the genus Gaillardia has about 25 species. Depending on the variety, the plant has a height of 30 to 100 cm. As a rule, annual plants are not tall, perennials are massive and tall. Stems are erect, strong. The leaves are oblong, elongated, dark green in color.
At the end of the upright stems, there is one flower each, 5-12 cm in diameter. Petals are simple elongated or original tubular, collected in a crown. Some varieties have lush flowers and consist of several types of petals. The colors are different, but mainly yellow and orange. Sometimes there are varieties with pink and brick colors.
Flowers can be monochromatic or bicolor. But the tips of the petals are almost always lighter than the central part, most often yellow. After the flowering period ends, a bump forms at the end of the stem, which is actively used in dried flower compositions.
The flowering period of Gaillardia is from the very beginning of summer to October. All this time she looks bright and elegant. It is only necessary to periodically remove the faded stems. The flower is wonderfully coexisting in mixed flower beds. Low-growing varieties are used as borders, for planting in flowerpots and for decorating alpine slides. Gaillardia has been cut for a long time, so it is added to flower arrangements.
Planting and leaving
Gaillardia, although an unpretentious plant, does not like acidic soils and shade. It also does not respond very well to swampy soils and abundant watering. It tolerates moderate drought well and does not stop blooming even in dry summers. The only thing that a lack of moisture can turn into is a lower stature. It is not reflected on peduncles. For planting, it is better to choose sunny places with cultivated soils.
Gaillardia is propagated by seeds or by dividing the bush:
- Seed planting is carried out in late April or early May in open ground. Planting of seedlings is possible, but such labor costs are unjustified. The only thing that may be required when sowing is a temporary cover of the soil on cold spring nights.
- By dividing the bush, you can propagate the flower in autumn or spring. The excavated parts of the plants are placed in prepared holes and sprinkled with soil. Do not water abundantly. Plants are well accepted, but when propagated in rainy autumn they can get wet.
The plant does not like highly fertilized soils and especially manure. In preparation for planting, a small introduction of ash and mineral fertilizers into the soil is allowed, but without fanaticism. Also, do not water the soil abundantly when leaving or planting. In the first year in the fall, the stems are cut at the root and from above you can cover the young plant with foliage or humus. In subsequent years, Gaillardia requires shelter only in the harsh northern regions.
Variety of varieties
To date, breeders have bred a huge number of varieties, both perennial and annual. They differ in plant height, color and shape of the inflorescence.
- Goblin. A perennial variety with large flowers (up to 8 cm in diameter) that look like a simple chamomile. The petals are claret, orange and brick with yellow tips. The variety is tall, with abundant flowering it needs a garter.
- Lorenziana (Lorenziana). Just a royal grade. An annual plant with magnificent lush inflorescences, reaching a diameter of 10 cm. Height does not exceed 60. Most often, a mixture of seeds of different shades is sold. The bushes are compact and small.
- Firebird. Most often it is a mixture of red and yellow lush flowers. A low-growing variety, plants rarely exceed 30 cm. They are actively used as borders and group plantings in flower beds.
- Arizona Sun The smallest variety of bicolor daisies. Maximum height 20 cm. Differs in abundant and long flowering, which lasts until the very frost.
- Primavera. A compact perennial flower, up to 25 cm high. Up to 8 peduncles are formed from one rosette, at the ends of which flowers up to 12 cm in diameter. Suitable for growing in pots.
- Cobolt. Medium-sized variety with traditional yellow-crimson flowers. Bushes are very branched. About 40 cm high. Although it is considered frost-resistant, it requires shelter in severe winters.
- Fun. Tall (up to 80cm) perennial variety with large bright flowers. The bushes are massive, with branching shoots. Abundant flowering begins in the second year after planting. The flowering period is about 120 days. A very drought-resistant and unpretentious variety, it grows even in poor sandy soils.
The variety of Gaillardia varieties have made it a favorite of many flower growers. It is as popular as asters or gerberas, but has simpler agricultural techniques. Which is what made her so popular.
Admire the beauty of Gaillardia on video: