We call her Yellow Water Lily. The plant is fanned by legends associated with river nymphs and mermaids. Moreover, in every place where yellow water lilies bloom, you will certainly be told such a story, or maybe more than one.
- Biological description of the plant
- Medical use
- Application of a yellow water lily
Biological description of the plant
Nuphar lutea (lat.) - yellow nymph:
- Belongs to the Kuvshinkov family
- Department of Angiosperms
- Class Dicotyledons
- Rod Kubyshka
Perennial aquatic plant. Has a thick fleshy rhizome. Attaches to the muddy bottom due to the many cord-shaped roots that go deep into the ground. From the rhizome of the water lily, underwater and above-water (floating) floating leaves grow. The former are always hidden under water, translucent, with wavy edges, on short cuttings. Leaves floating yellow-green, large, round, leathery, have a notch on one side. Diameter 20-30cm, have a long handle up to 3 meters.
The flowers are single yellow, have the shape of a capsule, which is why the plant has a second name - "yellow capsule". The flower is small, has five sepals 20-30mm long, many petals and stamens. Very odorous, likes a sunny color. A flower arrow peeps out of the water by 6-8cm. The yellow water lily blooms from May to the end of summer.
Propagated by pieces of rhizomes and fruits. In large water, pieces of rhizomes are carried along the bottom of the reservoir and quickly germinate. Flower fruits in the form of polyspermous capsules. The seeds have an air sac, thanks to which they float on water for long distances.
A yellow water lily grows on rivers with a quiet current, lakes, ponds. Unpretentious, tolerates standing water well. It became widespread in the European part of Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, the Caucasus, partly in Central Asia.
The yellow water lily is a medicinal plant, but at the same time it is poisonous. The plant is widely used in folk medicine. Water lily flowers contain cardiac glycides. The fruits contain a large amount of starch and tannins. The roots contain tannins and resinous substances, alkaloids, vitamin C, carotene, tannides and starch.
The plant has a bactericidal, analgesic, diuretic, choleretic,
calming effect. Plant alkaloids have anti-trichomonas action.
Medicinal properties, contraindications
- A water lily is used externally to treat inflammatory processes on the skin, burns, migraines, applying leaves to the affected areas, or making a compress. When shampooing, the hair follicles are strengthened.
- Inside, an infusion of water lily roots was used for exacerbation of gastric diseases, rheumatism, cough, toothache, dermatitis.
Due to the toxicity of the plant, it is necessary to take tinctures and preparations from the yellow water lily carefully, without exceeding the dosage and in compliance with the terms of treatment. Strictly as prescribed by a doctor. In case of overdose and poisoning, vomiting, diarrhea, and prolonged sleep occur. In the presence of these symptoms, it is recommended to flush the stomach and urgently consult a doctor.
Harvesting a plant
- Rhizomes, roots and fruits of the plant are harvested in the fall, leaves and flowers in the summer. Flowers and leaves are cut with a knife, then carefully pulled out by hand. Rhizomes and stems are pulled out with pitchforks, hooks. Thoroughly washed from silt. Cut into plates and spread in a 2 cm layer on paper or fabric. Can be strung on a string and hung. The plant is wilted in open well-ventilated rooms, then dried in dryers at a temperature of 50-60 degrees. It should be remembered that the plant is aquatic. Therefore, after drying, it dries out strongly in volumes, about 1 in 10.
- Rhizomes are wavy when dried, with dark scars at the places of cut leaves. Inside, the root is grayish-yellow in color, has a faint odor. The shelf life of the root is 2 years.
- Flowers are dried on the day of collection in dryers, in an oven at a temperature not exceeding 60 degrees. Spread out in a thin layer, be sure to mix. The shelf life of flowers is 1 year.
During harvesting, it is necessary to leave at least 20% of the plants intact to restore the yellow water lily population in the reservoir.
Application of a yellow water lily
The yellow water lily is widely used in modern medicine. On the basis of extracts from this plant, drugs are produced that are used in gynecology, the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases, the gastrointestinal tract, diseases of the nervous system, skin diseases caused by fungal infections, and burns.
The chemical composition of the water lily allows this plant to be used in the herbal collection to support and stimulate the body's immune system.
- Rhizome tincture is used in the treatment of hypertension
- A decoction of the rhizomes of the yellow water lily is used to treat inflammation of the bladder and kidneys, with pulmonary tuberculosis
- A decoction of the root and its seeds stops uterine bleeding
- Infusion of flowers is used as a sleeping pill, sedative
- A decoction of flowers is used for shampooing if you want to strengthen the hair follicle
- Fresh plant leaves are applied for headache
- Infusion and water lily decoction treat migraine, dizziness
- The essence of plant rhizomes is used to treat venereal diseases
Due to the peculiarities of the yellow water lily, treatment with drugs and the yellow water lily itself should be prescribed by the attending physician. In case of individual intolerance, the drug is canceled. Tincture in large doses inhibits the CNR!
The plant is unusually beautiful and has many useful properties. For a very long time, the yellow water lily was exterminated thoughtlessly because of its healing properties. Therefore, the plant population in the wild has declined. The plant is included in the Red Book and is subject to protection. Remember this, and enjoy the beauty of wildlife, looking at the lake or rivulet with a scattering of suns on the surface of the river.
An interesting video about a yellow water lily: