This common plant - lupine - is also known under the name "wolf beans", translated from Latin, due to its endurance and ability to absorb substances and enrich the soil with these useful substances. For a long time it was considered a wild plant, and relatively recently, perennial lupine began to grow specifically, as a natural fertilizer.
- Plant characteristics and germination area
- Reproduction and cultivation of lupine
- The sequence of planting and caring for lupine
- Interesting facts and tips for flower growers
Plant characteristics and germination area
The flower is native to North America, although it grows in many Mediterranean countries, and has about 200 species. There are some types of lupine that do not contain lupinine, which allows the plant to be used in animal feed.
- Finger leaves collected in 5-6 pieces on a rooted rosette.
- Flowers are combined in the form of a brush, up to 1 meter long.
- Plant height up to 1.5 meters.
- The inflorescences resemble beans.
- Lupine flowers come in white, red, yellow and various shades of purple.
Lupine is divided into two categories: annuals and perennials. The root system is pivotal and reaches one mestre deep into the ground, making the soil looser. And small bulges on the roots absorb nitrogen from the air, and enrich the soil under them with it.
In addition to the aforementioned method of enriching the soil with fertilizers, annual lupine plants are cut and buried in the ground to a depth of 20 centimeters. The decaying plant reduces the acidity of the soil.
Reproduction and cultivation of lupine
Lupine propagates by seeds that are in the middle of the flowers. When the beans dry, they crack and scatter seeds around them. The seeds are very small and light: 1000 seeds weigh only 25 grams. Specially grown plants are propagated by collecting seeds and planting them in the ground, or by selection method, when planting cuttings of non-flowering shoots of lupine. It is worth considering that lupine does not like transplanting from one place to another, therefore, it is better to plant a cutting from an already grown and flowering plant.
The plant blooms in May-June, but flowering can be prolonged if the wilted peduncles are cut off, and new shoots grow in their place.
Lupine growing technology is very simple. In the first year of planting a perennial plant variety, a rosette of leaves about a meter high is formed in the garden bed. In subsequent years, arrows with inflorescences appear.
Absolutely not whimsical to the type of soil, but like any other plant, it loves good fertilized soil. It multiplies well on slightly acidic soil. If other flowers do not survive on soil with high acidity levels, then lupine independently stabilizes the acid level due to the high nitrogen concentration in its root system.
The sequence of planting and caring for lupine
Before planting a plant, you need to decide on the type of soil. If leaves turn yellow on other plants and weeds, then the soil is alkaline. And if a lot of mother-and-macchiha or horsetail grows on the site, then the earth is very acidic. It is preliminarily recommended to balance the acidity level with lime flour.
Proper care of the perennial lupine plant consists of several stages:
- In the first year of planting, the soil is periodically loosened and cleaned of weeds.
- Next spring, it is necessary to fertilize the soil under the lupine sprouts with minerals.
- To preserve the decorativeness of the plant, it must be hilled.
- After 3-4 years of flowering, the flower is recommended to be replanted.
- It is possible to extend flowering until late autumn by cutting the inflorescences before they dry out and throw out the seeds.
- To prevent the plant from breaking due to its high height, they need to be tied to supports.
Interesting facts and tips for flower growers
Lupine has been known to the world for a long time. Even in ancient Greece, its inflorescences were placed as decoration in the tombs of the pharaohs. Then lupine seeds were used as food for people and animal feed. Over time, they began to use it as a green manure plant, to fertilize soils. It is highly nutritious as animal feed and is rich in protein and protein.
The only and probably the biggest difficulty is aphids. During the budding period, the plant is severely damaged by aphids and some other types of pests. If you want to preserve the plant and the decorative effect, it is recommended to spray them with insecticides in a timely manner and treat the soil. Strongly overgrown bushes need to be cut and shaped.
Perennial lupine is planted singly and in groups in a flower bed to create a spectacular decor. Lupins are best planted in the back rows of the garden, both because of their height and because they wither quickly and will not look very attractive. In mixed beds, irises, hosts, lilies, astilbe and nivyanniks can be planted together in them.
In general, lupins are not whimsical and will take root perfectly with beginners in gardening, and will also improve the quality of the soil. Great for decorating your garden and one hundred percent useful.
Experienced flower growers will tell you about lupine in the video: