At the beginning of the gardening period, it is very important to evaluate all your plantings in order to timely identify possible problems in the growth and development of plants, as well as prevent them. Fruit bushes are quite often exposed to a wide variety of pests, so they have to be treated with special means to obtain the desired yield. This also applies to currants useful for the human body, which is a rich source of vitamin C and other beneficial trace elements that are simply necessary for the health and strength of each family member.
- Harvesting is the first step in caring for currants
- Pest control
- Folk recipes for processing pests from currants
Harvesting is the first step in caring for currants
Before starting to treat the plant with various means, it is necessary to thoroughly clean them of dry and damaged branches.
Cutting off "unnecessary" branches is a guarantee that in the process of growth the energy and vitality of the plant will be spent on full-fledged branches of the bush on which large berries will grow. If there are branches on the bush that have been pressed to the ground as a result of an abundant amount of snow, then they must also be cut to the first bud. This also applies to frozen shoots, if their tops were frostbitten in winter. It is also advisable to cut such branches to the first bud. Experienced amateur gardeners are inclined to believe that on an average currant bush there can be up to 13-15 branches of different ages.
By the way, cut off damaged branches must be burned immediately and should not be stored near fruit and berry plants, even for a short period of time. This is due to the fact that all pests live precisely in the spoiled parts of a healthy plant and they are the optimal environment for their reproduction. So that the pests do not have time to move to healthy plants during the storage of the cut branches, they must be immediately burned.
After this stage of caring for currants in the spring, it is necessary to dig up the ground near the bushes and aisles. This process will not only loosen the ground, but also destroy the nests and places of accumulation of larvae and "babies" of insects, which can subsequently cause damage to the bush itself. The excavated soil also allows fertilizer to penetrate unhindered into the soil for optimal plant fertilization.
The processing of currants from pests, in principle, began at the stage of cutting off damaged branches and digging up the earth. Further processing depends solely on what pests you need to get rid of. Most often, gardeners treat plants from the spread of aphids. This must be done even before the buds begin to bloom. This procedure can be carried out using furanone, as well as using ordinary boiling water, for which the bushes are simply sprayed with boiling water. It is important to do this even before the buds ripen, so as not to harm the blossoming leaves. Boiling water will not do any harm to the branches themselves.
If the leaves have already blossomed, because spring can be very early and the buds can give life to new leaves literally overnight, then the plant can be safely processed with the same furanon, Karbofos, Rovi-kur, Tanrek. Plants can be treated with these preparations after the leaves have blossomed, but even before flowering.
To combat powdery mildew, a solution of copper sulfate is very often used, which is prepared according to the instructions, but 100 g of powder per 10 liters of water are considered optimal proportions. Powdery mildew also disappears after processing the currants with a solution of foundationol, which must also be sprayed on the bushes before flowering. Such a solution is prepared at the rate of 15 g per 10 liters of water.
Folk recipes for processing pests from currants
Many amateur gardeners are increasingly abandoning the chemical effect on fruit trees, because their components to one degree or another penetrate through the bark into the plant, which means that later they will be impregnated with currant berries. But nobody canceled folk recipes for pest control and the effectiveness of such recipes is quite high.
One of the most common ways to cleanse currant bushes from pests is to treat them with garlic tincture.
Such a tincture is prepared from 100 g of garlic and 1 liter of water. Finely chop the garlic and mix with water, leave for 24 hours, and then strain. This liquid must also be diluted with a small amount of grated laundry soap at the rate of 15 g of soap per 4 liters of garlic tincture. If you prepare 5 liters of such a solution, then this will be enough to process 10-15 currant bushes.
Some gardeners process currant bushes and other plants with a solution of potassium permanganate, which can rightfully be called safe for currants, including if it was processed during the flowering period.
Folk recipes for pest control are good because they can be used in different vegetative periods of plant growth and development, and their effect on the berries themselves is minimal.
An interesting and useful video on the topic: "Processing currants from pests in the spring":