Bonsai

Mulberry, Blackberry tree - Marus nigra


GeneralitŠ°


tree that in nature reaches 10-15 meters, widespread in Europe and Asia; the trunk has a wrinkled bark, brown, and smooth and twisted branches, which give the bonsai an ancient appearance. The leaves are oval, serrated, bright green, with the underside covered with a whitish patina, they are the favorite food of silkworms. The flowers are small and insignificant, in summer it produces small white, translucent, edible fruits.

Pruning and exposure


Pruning: the most consistent prunings are practiced in spring, possibly also during the autumn. Throughout the growing season, from March to October, trim the new shoots leaving one or two leaves. The wire can be applied throughout the year, preferring however the end of winter.
Exposure: mulberry trees particularly like sunny positions, even if they adapt well even in shady places; avoid exposing the plant to the sun in the hottest months. They do not fear the cold, although it is advisable to protect them from the intense frost of the winter months, especially if the frosts continue for too many days, covering the vase and the roots with non-woven fabric.

Mulberry, Blackberry tree - Marus nigra: Watering


Watering: from March to October it is good to supply water in moderate quantities, but frequently, since mulberries like high soil moisture, taking care to spray the leaves with distilled water. In winter it is advisable to thin out the waterings, supplying water every 15-20 days, and in any case never before the soil has dried. Provide a specific fertilizer for bonsai every 15-20 days; every month in winter.
Soil: prepare a compote by mixing sand, peat, composting soil and clay in equal parts; promote good drainage by adding coarse material, such as coarse-grained clay or pumice stone, to the bottom of the vase. Repotting takes place in autumn, when the fruits have already ripened, every two years.
Multiplication: it can be made by seed, using fresh seeds in autumn. Or you can practice in spring cuttings or layering, more recommended than sowing, as the mulberry is a very long-lived, slow-growing plant.
Pests and diseases: does not fear pests and diseases; specimens in the wild are often attacked by caterpillars that devour the entire crown, this usually does not occur to bonsai specimens, but it is good to pay attention.